Table 2

Univariable regression analyses examining acculturation and country of origin correlates of sun protection and exposure behaviors
Sunscreen use Staying in the shade Use of sun protective clothing Past year sunburn rate
b (95% CI) Mean b (95% CI) Mean b (95% CI) Mean OR (95% CI) %
Nativity/length of time in the U.S.
 Born in U.S. Reference 2.77 Reference 3.50 Reference*** 2.21 Reference*** 51.9
 < 10 years in U.S. −0.18 (−0.49, 0.12) 2.59 0.08 (−0.17, 0.32) 3.58 0.25 (0.08, 0.43) 2.46 0.51 (0.34, 0.79) 35.7
 10–14 years in U.S. −0.22 (−0.50, 0.06) 2.55 −0.10 (−0.37, 0.16) 3.40 0.31 (0.06, 0.56) 2.52 0.46 (0.30, 0.71) 33.2
 ≥ 15 years in U.S. −0.21 (−0.40, –0.02) 2.56 0.03 (−0.14, 0.19) 3.53 0.31 (0.17, 0.45) 2.52 0.53 (0.41, 0.69) 36.6
Language used when speaking
 Mostly/only Spanish Reference*** 2.39 Reference 3.61 Reference*** 2.64 Reference*** 30.1
 Spanish/English equally 0.31 (0.10, 0.53) 2.70 −0.18 (−0.34, –0.02) 3.43 −0.26 (−0.42, –0.10) 2.39 1.97 (1.42, 2.74) 46.0
 Mostly/only English 0.48 (0.28, 0.68) 2.87 −0.11 (−0.26, 0.04) 3.50 −0.51 (−0.65, –0.37) 2.13 2.65 (2.06, 3.41) 53.3
Hispanic origin
 Mexico Reference 2.63 Reference 3.59 Reference*** 2.48 Reference** 44.4
 Central/South America 0.04 (−0.21, 0.30) 2.68 −0.23 (−0.42, –0.04) 3.36 −0.22 (−0.41, –0.03) 2.26 0.62 (0.44, 0.88) 33.1
 Puerto Rico 0.11 (−0.16, 0.39) 2.75 −0.19 (−0.40, 0.02) 3.40 −0.47 (−0.65, –0.28) 2.02 1.28 (0.84, 1.95) 50.5
 Cuba −0.03 (−0.48, 0.43) 2.61 −0.16 (−0.48, 0.16) 3.43 −0.41 (−0.76, –0.07) 2.07 0.54 (0.30, 0.97) 30.2
 Other 0.21 (−0.13, 0.55) 2.84 −0.08 (−0.34, 0.17) 3.50 −0.07 (−0.33, 0.18) 2.41 1.27 (0.80, 2.01) 50.3

Note. b = unstandardized regression coefficient; CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio. Sunscreen use, staying in the shade, and use of sun protective clothing were each measured on a 5-point scale (1 = never, 2 = rarely, 3 = sometimes, 4 = most of the time, 5 = all of the time). Ns from 1619 to 1668 Hispanic adults drawn from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics, 2010 National Health Interview Survey [23].

**p < .01, ***p < .001, for the association between the correlate and the sun protection behavior (based on a Satterthwaite adjusted F test).

Coups et al.

Coups et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:985   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-985

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