Table 1

National HIV prevalence data for MSM in European countries and corresponding self-reported prevalence data from EMIS
Surveillance system EMIS
source of HIV prevalence estimate; study methodology HIV prevalence estimate; surveillance system % Diagnosed HIV+ among ever tested (%) Survey-Surveillance Discrepancy factor (SSD)
excluded, no surveillance system prevalence estimates Austria n.a 7.2
Cyprus n.a. 1.9
Ireland n.a. 9.5
Malta n.a. 2.5
Turkey n.a. 3.0
excluded, similar methodology Belgium 2a 5.6 10.5
Switzerland 2a (2007) 8.1 11.5
France 2a (2009) 12.0 12.7
Sweden 2a (2008) 4.0 6.4
specific prevalence studies Bosnia 1b/c (<2008) 0.7 0.0
Bulgaria 2 3.3 2.5 0.7
Belarus 2 2.7 3.0 1.1
Czech 2b (2008/9) 2.6 6.7 2.6
Estonia 2c (2007) 1.7 2.8 1.7
Spain 2b (2008/9) 17.0 14.9 0.9
Croatia 2 3.3 4.8 1.5
Hungary 2 2.7 5.6 2.1
Italy 1b (2008/9) 11.8 10.7 0.9
Lithuania 2b 2.7 4.8 1.8
Latvia 2b (2008) 4.0 7.8 1.9
Moldowa 1b/c (2007) 4.8 4.3 0.9
Macedonia 2b/c (2006) 2.8 7.7 2.7
Poland 2b (2004) 4.7 8.3 1.8
Portugal 3a (snowball) 11.0 10.9 1.0
Romania 2b (2008/9) 4.6 5.5 1.2
Serbia 3b/c (2008/10) 3.6 5.4 1.5
Russia 2c 8.3 8.6 1.0
Slovenia 2b (2008/9) 5.1 8.3 1.6
Slovakia 2b (2008/9) 6.1 3.1 0.5
Ukraine 3b/c (2011) 6.4 8.2 1.3
modelling/ health care system data Germany 3e (2010) 4.9 11.6 2.4
Denmark 1d (2009) 4.9 12.0 2.4
Finland 3d (2009) 2.0 5.1 2.6
Greece 1d (EPP) 6.5 12.9 2.0
Luxemburg 3d (2010) 6.0 13.8 2.3
Netherlands 1e (MPES 2007) 6.0 19.9 3.3
Norway 3d (2008) 3.3 5.2 1.6
United Kingdom 1/2e (MPES 2007) 5.3 14.6 2.8

1=UNGASS 2008; 2=UNGASS 2010; 3=personal communication.

a=self-reported; b=TLS, venue based; c=RDS; d=health care system; e=population-based modelling.

n.a.= not available.

Marcus et al.

Marcus et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:978   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-978

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