Table 4

Associations between policy indicators and the gender gap differences in external cause and circulatory disease mortality
Policy indicators Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 All earner-carer All compensatory breadwinner
External cause mortality
Maternity score (weeks*RR) −0.09 (0.03) −0.09 (0.03) −0.09 (0.03) −0.09 (0.03) −0.04 (0.04)
Reserved paternity leave >=2 wks −2.01 (0.45) −1.77(0.45) −1.76 (0.45) −1.82 (0.46) −1.58 (0.51)
Social services (% of GDP) −0.95 (0.34) −0.98 (0.35) −0.98 (0.36) −0.99 (0.37) −0.81 (0.36)
Separate taxation −1.98 (2.32) −0.76 (1.89) −1.07 (1.96) −1.51 (2.07) −1.01 (1.96)
Min pension requirement <=1 yr −3.80 (1.23) −3.13 (1.23) −3.15 (1.28) −2.97 (1.31) −6.59 (2.53)
Circulatory disease mortality
Maternity score (weeks*RR) 0.04 (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) 0.03 (0.02) 0.04 (0.03) 0.05 (0.03)
Reserved paternity leave >=2 wks 0.23 (0.35) 0.13 (0.35) 0.18 (0.35) 0.27 (0.37) 0.09 (0.40)
Social services (% of GDP) 0.19 (0.25) −0.31 (0.27) −0.22 (0.27) −0.04 (0.29) −0.13 (0.29)
Separate taxation −0.56 (1.87) −2.39 (1.58) −1.44 (1.61) −1.84 (1.59) −2.10 (1.55)
Min pension requirement <=1 yr 1.59 (0.95) 0.97 (0.98) 0.79 (1.00) 1.00 (2.07) 1.37 (1.95)
Child credits >= 4 yrs/child −1.11 (0.38) −1.15 (0.37) −1.10 (0.37) −0.81 (0.38) −0.74 (0.38)
Retiregap>=1 yr −0.04 (0.53) 0.08 (0.52) 0.08 (0.51) −0.29 (0.56) −0.31 (0.60)
Extended leave score >= 10 −0.29 (0.34) −0.40 (0.33) −0.39 (0.33) −0.95 (0.33) −0.90 (0.33)

Regression estimates with standard error.

Backhans et al.

Backhans et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:969   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-969

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