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Open Access Research article

Barbers' knowledge and practice about occupational biological hazards was low in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia

Teresa Kisi Beyen1*, Ketema Tafess Tulu2, Abdella Amano Abdo3 and Abera Shibru Tulu4

  • * Corresponding author: Teresa Kisi Beyen terek7@gmail.com

  • † Equal contributors

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of public health, College Of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

2 Department of Biomedical Science, School of health and Hospital, Adama Science and Technology University, Assella, Ethiopia

3 Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

4 Department of Environmental and Occupational health and safety, Institute of public health, College Of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

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BMC Public Health 2012, 12:942  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-942

Published: 1 November 2012

Abstract

Background

Several health hazards including communicable diseases and skin conditions are associated with Barbers’ profession to which their visitors are exposed. Thus, knowledge and practice of Barbers would play a vital part in prevention and control of these health hazards. So, the aim of this study is to assess knowledge and practice, and associated factors among barbers about biological hazards associated with their profession in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia.

Methods

To assess knowledge and practice, and associated factors among barbers about biological hazards associated with their profession in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia, A work place based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 28 to April 6, 2012. The total numbers of Barbers in the town were 960 of which 400 Barbers were participated in the study. Sample size was determined using the formula for single population proportion by considering, 51% proportion, knowledgeable Barbers from Jimma, Ethiopia, 95% level of confidence, 5% margin of error and 15% none response rate. The numbers of barbers included in the study were selected by using systematic random sampling. Data was collected by face to face interview using a structured and pre-tested questionnaire. Binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with knowledge and practice of barbers.

Results

Of 400 barbers, only 72 (18%) had good knowledge about biological hazards associated to their profession, While only 61 (15.3%) were practicing safely during barbering. Knowledge of the barbers was associated significantly with educational level, owner of the business, working hour and work experience, while practice was associated only with availability of UV sterilizers in the room and working hour.

Conclusion

Barbers’ practice and knowledge to prevent biological hazards associated with their profession is very poor. Thus, giving training for the Barbers is required toward prevention of biological hazards associated to their profession.