Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Socioeconomic inequalities in risk factors for non communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries: results from the World Health Survey

Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor1*, Nicole Bergen1, Anton Kunst2, Sam Harper3, Regina Guthold4, Dag Rekve5, Edouard Tursan d'Espaignet6, Nirmala Naidoo1 and Somnath Chatterji1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, 20, Avenue Appia, Geneva, CH-1211, Switzerland

2 Department of Public Health, AMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

3 Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

4 Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

5 Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

6 Tobacco Free Initiative, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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BMC Public Health 2012, 12:912  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-912

Published: 28 October 2012

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Title. Study sample size, by country and sex, World Health Survey 2002–04. Description: Displays the study sample size of men and women (aged 18 or higher) from 48 low- and middle-income countries that participated in the 2002–04 World Health Survey.

Format: PDF Size: 30KB Download file

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Additional file 2:

Title. Non-response rates of risk factors for noncommunicable diseases, by country income group and sex, World Health Survey 2002–04. Description: Displays the non-response rates to World Health Survey individual questionnaires for each studied noncommunicable disease risk factor, grouped by sex and low- or middle-income country status. Data represent 48 low- and middle-income countries that participated in the 2002–04 World Health Survey.

Format: PDF Size: 9KB Download file

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Additional file 3:

Title. List of in-country collaborating partners (local review boards).

Format: PDF Size: 93KB Download file

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Additional file 4:

Title. Crude prevalence of risk factors for noncommunicable diseases among adults aged 18 or higher living in 48 low- and middle-income countries, World Health Survey 2002–04. Description: Displays the crude prevalence rates (percentage) and 95% confidence intervals for each studied noncommunicable disease risk factor among adults (aged 18 or higher), grouped by sex and low- or middle-income country status. Data represent 48 low- and middle-income countries that participated in the 2002–04 World Health Survey.

Format: PDF Size: 13KB Download file

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Additional file 5:

Title. Crude prevalence of risk factors for noncommunicable diseases among adults aged 18 or higher living in 48 low- and middle-income countries, by wealth, World Health Survey 2002–04. Description: Displays the crude prevalence rates (percentage) and 95% confidence interval for each studied noncommunicable disease risk factor among adults (aged 18 or higher), according to wealth quintile. Data are grouped by sex and low- or middle-income country status, and represent 48 low- and middle-income countries that participated in the 2002–04 World Health Survey.

Format: PDF Size: 39KB Download file

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Additional file 6:

Title. Crude prevalence of risk factors for noncommunicable diseases among adults aged 18 or higher living in 48 low- and middle-income countries, by education level, World Health Survey 2002–04. Description: Displays the crude prevalence rates (percentage) and 95% confidence interval for each studied noncommunicable disease risk factor among adults (aged 18 or higher), according to education level. Data are grouped by sex and low- or middle-income country status, and represent 48 low- and middle-income countries that participated in the 2002–04 World Health Survey.

Format: PDF Size: 39KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

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