Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics, and mean total scores of knowledge and attitude (N=1695)
Pregnancy knowledge score Contraceptive knowledge score Premarital sex attitude score
Personal background Total N=77 Aware Uses Availability
Range 0-10 Range 0-16 Range 0-16 Range 0-13 Range 10-40
n % Mean/Median P* Mean/Median P* Mean/Median P* Mean/Median P* Mean/Median P
(25th-75thpercentile) (25th-75thpercentile) (25th-75thpercentile) (25th-75thpercentile) (25th-75thpercentile)
Overall 1695 100.0 4.3/4.0(3.0-6.0) 8.9/9.0(6.0-12.0) 6.5/6.0(4.0-9.0) 3.7/3.0(1.0-6.0) 35.4/37.0(32.0-39.0)
Year of study
 Pre-university 495 29.2 4.6/5.0(3.0-6.0) 10.4/10.0(8.0-13.0) 7.6/8.0(5.0-11.0) 4.3/4.0(1.0-7.0) 36.1/38.0(34.0-39.0)
 Undergraduate year 1 432 25.5 3.8/4.0(2.0-5.0) <.001 8.2/8.0(5.0-10.0) <.001 5.6/5.0(3.0-8.0) <.001 3.2/2.0(0.0-5.0) <.001 34.9/37.0(32.0-38.0) <.001
 Undergraduate year 2 332 19.6 4.0/4.0(3.0-6.0) 8.0/8.0(5.0-10.0) 5.6/5.0(3.0-8.0) 3.4/3.0(1.0-5.0) 35.5/37.0(34.0-39.0)
 Undergraduate year 3 436 25.7 4.4/4.0(3.0-6.0) 8.8/8.0(6.0-12.0) 7.0-6.0(4.0-10.0) 4.0/3.0(1.0-6.0) 34.2/36.0(30.0-38.0)
Ethnicity
 Malay 1399 82.5 4.1/4.0(3.0-6.0) 8.8/9.0(6.0-11.0) 6.4/6.0(3.0-9.0) 3.6/3.0(1.0-8.0) 36.0/38.0(34.0-39.0)
 Chinese 213 12.6 5.3/5.0(4.0-7.0) <.001 10.3/10.0(8.0-13.0) <.001 8.1/8.0(5.0-11.0) <.001 4.9/4.0(2.0-8.0) <.001 31.0/31.0(27.0-38.0) <.001
 Indian 30 1.8 3.5-3.5(2.0-5.0) 8.7/9.0(5.0-12.0) 5.7/5.0(1.0-9.0) 3.1/1.0(0.0-5.0) 34.4/34.0(32.0-37.0)
 Natives of Sabah or Sarawak 53 3.1 3.9-4.0(3.0-4.0) 8.8/9.0(5.0-11.0) 6.6/6.0(4.0-10.0) 3.0/2.0(0.0-5.0) 33.8/34.0(31.0-37.0)
Religious faith
 Very religious 281 16.6 3.8/4.0(2.0-5.0) 8.5/8.0(6.0-11.0) 5.7/5.0(2.0-8.0) 3.2/2.0(0.0-5.0) 36.1/37.0(34.0-39.0)
 Somewhat religious 1349 79.6 4.3/4.0(3.0-6.0) <.001 9.0/9.0(6.0-12.0) <.05 6.8/7.0(4.0-10.0) <.001 3.9/3.0(10–6.0) ns 35.5/37.0(32.0-39.0) <.001
 Not at all religious 65 3.8 4.8/5.0(3.0-6.5) 9.7/9.0(6.0-14.0) 6.8/6.0(3.0-10.0) 3.3/2.0(1.0-5.0) 31.3/32.0(27.0-37.0)
Average household monthly incomea
 1000 and below 371 21.9 3.7/4.0(2.0-5.0) 8.3/8.0(6.0-11.0) 5.3/5.0(2.0-8.0) 2.9/2.0(0.0-5.0) 36.0/37.0(34.0-39.0)
 1001-3000 729 43.0 4.4/4.0(3.0-6.0) <.001 9.0/9.0(6.0-12.0) <.001 6.6/7.0(4.0-9.0) <.001 3.7/3.0(1.0-6.0) <.01 35.2/37.0(32.0-39.0) ns
 3001-5000 375 22.1 4.4/4.0(3.0-6.0) 9.3/9.0(6.0-12.0) 7.3/7.0(4.0-11.0) 4.1/3.0(1.0-6.0) 35.0/37.0(32.0-39.0)
 Above 5000 220 13.0 4.3/4.0(3.0-6.0) 9.4/9.0(7.0-12.0) 7.3/7.5(4.0-10.0) 4.1/3.5(1.0-6.0) 35.1/37.0(32.0-38.0)
Paternal occupationb,c
 Professional or managerial 720 57.3 4.4/4.0(3.0-6.0) <.01 9.5/9.0(7.0-12.0) <.001 7.1/7.0(4.0-10.0) <.001 4.0/3.0(1.0-6.0) <.01 35.3/37.0(32.0-39.0) ns
 Skilled workers 537 42.7 4.1/4.0(3.0-6.0) 8.7/9.0(6.0-11.0) 6.1/6.0(3.0-9.0) 3.4/3.0(1.0-5.0) 35.2/37.0(32.0-39.0)
Maternal occupationb,c
 Professional or managerial 465 29.2 4.4/4.0(3.0-6.0) 9.5/9.0(7.0-12.0) 7.5/7.0(4.0-11.0) 4.5/4.0(1.0-7.0) 35.5/37.0(32.0-39.0)
 Skilled workers 157 9.9 4.5/5.0(3.0-6.0) <.01 8.8/9.0(7.0-11.0) <.01 6.2/6.0(4.0-9.0) <.001 2.9/2.0(1.0-4.8) <.001 34.5/36.0(31.0-38.0) ns
 Housewife 970 60.9 4.1/4.0(3.0-6.0) 8.8/9.0(7.0-11.0) 6.3/6.0(3.0-9.0) 3.5/3.0(0.0-5.0) 35.2/37.0(32.0-39.0)
Family structure
 Both parents family 1512 89.2 4.3/4.0(3.0-6.0) 9.0/9.0(6.0-12.0) 6.6/6.0(4.0-9.0) 3.7/3.0(1.0-6.0) 35.4/37.0(32.0-39.0)
 Single parent family 168 9.9 4.3/4.0(3.0-6.0) ns 8.6/8.0(6.0-11.0) ns 6.3/6.0(3.0-9.0) ns 3.5/3.0(1.0-5.0) ns 35.6/37.0(33.0-39.0) ns
 Guardian/adoptive/parents deceased 15 0.9 3.9/3.0(2.0-6.0) 8.4/8.0(6.0-12.0) 6.0/6.0(2.0-8.0) 3.3/1.0(0.0-6.0) 37.6/38.0(38.0-40.0)
Parent’s discipline
 Permissive 32 1.9 4.5/4.5(3.0-6.5) 10.0/9.5(7.0-14.0) 7.8/8.5(3.0-13.0) 4.6/3.0(1.0-7.8) 32.1/34.0(25.0-38.0)
 Moderate 1124 66.3 4.4/4.0(3.0-6.0) <.001 9.1/9.0(6.0-12.0) <.05 6.7/7.0(4.0-10.0) <.05 3.7/3.0(1.0-6.0) ns 35.3/37.0(32.0-39.0) <.001
 Strict 539 31.8 3.9/4.0(2.0-5.0) 8.6/9.0(6.0-11.0) 6.1/6.0(3.0-9.0) 3.5/3.0(0.0-5.0) 36.0/37.0(34.0-39.0)
Hometown locality
 Urban 791 46.7 4.5/4.0(3.0-6.0) 9.3/9.0(6.0-12.0) 7.1/7.0(4.0-10.0) 4.2/4.0(1.0-6.0) 35.2/37.0(32.0-39.0)
 Suburban 343 20.2 4.4/4.0(3.0-6.0) <.001 9.2/9.0(6.0-12.0) <.001 6.7/7.0(4.0-10.0) <.001 3.7/3.0(1.0-6.0) <.001 35.1/37.0(32.0-39.0) <.01
 Rural 561 31.3 3.8/4.0(2.0-5.0) 8.3/8.0(6.0-11.0) 5.7-5.0(3.0-10.0) 2.9/2.0(0.0-5.0) 36.0/38.0(34.0-39.0)
Dating status
 Currently dating 457 27.0 4.5/4.0(3.0-6.0) 8.6/8.0(6.0-11.0) 6.4/6.0(3.0-6.0) 3.4/3.0(1.0-5.0) 35.0/36.0(32.0-38.0)
 Previously dated 461 27.2 4.2/4.0(3.0-6.0) <.001 9.1/9.0(6.0-12.0) <.05 6.5/6.0(4.0-6.0) ns 3.7/3.0(1.0-6.0) ns 35.5/37.0(33.0-39.0) <.05
 Never dated 777 45.8 4.1/4.0(3.0-6.0) 8.9/9.0(6.0-12.0) 6.7/7.0(4.0-7.0) 3.9/3.0(0.0-6.0) 35.7/37.0(33.0-39.0)
Sexual experience
 Never 1683 4.3/4.0(3.0-6.0) ns 9.0/9.0(6.0-12.0) ns 6.6/6.0(3.0-9.0) ns 3.7/3.0(1.0-6.0) ns 35.5/37.0(33.0-39.0) <.001
 Ever 12 5.0/5.0(4.0-6.0) 9.7/8.5(7.0-14.0) 7.8/7.0(5.0-9.0) 3.7/3.5(1.0-5.0) 27.2/26.0(22.0-35.0)

a 1 US Dollar = 3.0 Malaysian Ringgit (MYR).

b Number not total to 1695 due to missing data, refusal, or deceased.

c Small number of retired, and temporary unemployment responses were not included.

* Kruskal-Wallis χ2 test.

Wong

Wong BMC Public Health 2012 12:865   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-865

Open Data