Table 2

Self-reported attitudes and perceptions regarding active school transportation (Unescorted walkers,n=111, escorted walkers,n=233, escorted drivers,n=146)
B(SE) Lower 95% CI For odds Ratio Upper
Odds Ratio
Escorted Walkers vs. Unescorted Walkers
    Demographics
- Intercept
11.20 (1.67)***
Child’s Age -.92 (.11)*** .32 .40 .49
Gender (male) .26 (.36) .64 1.30 2.65
Parents Income (>$60K) .60 (.47) .71 1.8 4.63
Employment Status (full-time) -.76 (.41) .21 .47 .93
# of cars/household -.57 (.32) .30 .56 1.05
# of driver licenses .41 (.30) .84 1.51 2.71
Language Spoken in the Home (English) -1.23 (.44)** .12 .29 .68
Parental School Travel Mode as a Child (walking) .85 (.46) .96 2.35 5.75
School Distance from home (<1 km) -.67 (.44) .22 .51 1.21
Region (Toronto) .28 (.71) .33 1.32 5.34
(Peel) -.06 (.79) .20 .94 4.41
(Durham, York, Halton) -1.00 (.74) .09 .37 1.58
    Perceived AST Safety
-Intercept
2.30 (1.13)*
There are safe bike routes/paths around the school1 -.09 (.08) .78 .92 1.07
People drive safely enough in my neighborhood1 -.18 (.09) .70 .84 1.00
There are too many cars in the morning around my school1 .01 (.09) .84 1.01 1.21
I worry about strangers/bullies approaching my child1 .26 (.09)** 1.08 1.30 1.56
I Have discussed how to walk/bike safely with child1 -.38 (.19)* .47 .69 1.00
At what age did/would you allow your child to travel to school unsupervised? .37 (.09)*** 1.22 1.45 1.71
    Perceived AST advantages
- Intercept
1.66 (1.26)
Importance of child exercising on route to/from school1 -.14 (.23) .56 .87 1.35
Importance of child travelling to school in an environmentally friendly way1 .04 (.19) .71 1.04 1.52
I chose to live in my area so my child could walk to school1 -.11 (.11) .73 .90 1.12
Convenience of current method of school travel2 .01 (.09) .84 1.01 1.21
Escorted Drivers vs. Unescorted Walkers
    Demographic
    s
- Intercept
10.88 (1.71)***
Child’s Age -.88 (.11)*** .34 .42 .52
Gender (male) -.13 (.38) .42 .88 1.86
Parents Income (>$60K) .30 (.49) .51 1.35 3.55
Employment Status (full-time) -.05 (.45) .40 .95 2.28
# of cars/household .69 (.35)* 1.00 2.00 4.00
# of driver licenses .09 (.32) .59 1.10 2.05
Language Spoken in the Home (English) -1.45 (.45)*** .10 .23 .56
Parental School Travel Mode as a Child (walking) -.08 (.45) .38 .93 2.25
School Distance from home (<1 km) -2.24 (.45)*** .04 .11 .26
Region (Toronto) -.56 (.75) .13 .57 2.47
(Peel) .26 (.80) .27 1.30 6.15
(Durham, York, Halton) -.65 (.76) .12 .52 2.32
    Perceived AST Safety
- Intercept
2.14 (1.23)
There are safe bike routes/paths around the school1 -.16 (.10) .71 .86 1.03
People drive safely enough in my neighborhood1 -.00 (.11) .81 1.00 1.24
There are too many cars in the morning around my school1 .28 (.12)* 1.04 1.31 1.67
I worry about strangers/bullies approaching my child1 .46 (.13)** 1.22 1.58 2.05
I Have discussed how to walk/bike safely with child1 -1.02 (.19)*** .25 .36 .52
At what age did/would you allow your child to travel to school unsupervised? .39 (.11)*** 1.20 1.48 1.83
    Perceived AST advantages
- Intercept
5.94 (1.33)***
Importance of child exercising on route to/from school1 -.95 (.22)*** .25 .39 .60
Importance of child travelling to school in an environmentally friendly way1 .18 (.22) .79 1.20 1.86
I chose to live in my area so my child could walk to school1 -.42 (.11)*** .53 .66 .82
Convenience of current method of school travel2 -.19 (.12) .66 .82 1.04
    Perceived methods to increase greater AST
- Intercept
-3.01 (.87)***
Appeal of walking to school with child3 .37 (.18)* 1.01 1.44 2.06
Appeal of child walking to school with a supervised group, organized by the school.3 .28 (.19) .91 1.32 1.91
List of nearby parents who would like their kids to walk to school together would be useful1 -.078 (.15) .69 .93 1.24
Likelihood of utilizing a service that provides you with matches to other parents in your area who may be able to walk with you and your child to/from school4 -.01 (.13) .77 .99 1.27
Likelihood of utilizing an organized walking school bus4 .26 (.13)* 1.00 1.30 1.68

1Scored on a 5-point scale with the anchors: 1 (strongly disagree), 2(somewhat disagree), 3 (neither agree/disagree), 4 (somewhat agree), 5(strongly agree).

2Scored on a 4-point scale with the anchors: 1 (Very inconvenient), 2(somewhat inconvenient), 3(somewhat convenient), 4(very convenient).

3Scored on a 4-point scale with the anchors: 1 (unappealing), 2(somewhat unappealing), 3(somewhat appealing), 4(Appealing).

4Scored on a 5-point scale with anchors: 1 (not at all likely), 5 (extremely likely).

Note: *p<.05, **p<.01, ***p<.001.

Mammen et al.

Mammen et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:862   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-862

Open Data