Table 1

Total admissions based on agent, and the main agents separated by sex in 1065 hospital admissions for acute poisoning in Oslo in 2008
Toxic agent Main + co-agents Main agents
n (%) Total n (%) Males n (%) Females n (%) p-value
Ethanol 445 (42) 194 (18) 120 (22) 74 (14) <0.001*
BZD 293 (28) 160 (15) 73 (14) 87 (16) ns
Paracetamol2 184 (17) 116 (11) 31 (6) 85 (16) <0.001*
Opioids 152 (14) 114 (11) 80 (15) 34 (6) <0.001*
GHB 96 (9) 85 (8) 67 (13) 18 (3) <0.001*
Neuroleptics 99 (9) 60 (6) 15 (3) 45 (9) <0.001*
Anti-depressants 106 (10) 59 (6) 16 (3) 43 (8) <0.001*
BZD derivates 128 (12) 58 (5) 24 (4) 34 (6) ns
CO and fire smoke 50 (5) 48 (5) 31 (6) 17 (3) ns
Amphetamine 66 (6) 25 (2) 21 (4) 4 (1) <0.001*
Cardiovascular 27 (3) 18 (2) 8 (1) 10 (2) ns
Anti-epileptics 48 (5) 17 (2) 5 (1) 12 (2) ns
Cocaine 30 (3) 13 (1) 10 (2) 3 (1) ns
NSAIDs 54 (5) 10 (1) 3 (1) 7 (1) ns
Other gases 13 (1) 11 (1) 4 (1) 7 (1) ns
Carisoprodol1 14 (1) 8 (1) 3 (1) 5 (1) ns
Scopolamine 9 (1) 8 (1) 4 (1) 4 (1) ns
Anti-coagulants 8 (1) 7 (1) 3 (1) 4 (1) ns
Lithium 5 (<0.5) 5 (<0.5) 1 (<0.5) 4 (1) ns
Antihistamines 54 (5) 4 (<0.5) 0 (0) 4 (1) ns
Insulin 4 (<0.5) 4 (<0.5) 2 (<0.5) 2 (<0.5) ns
Other 139 (13) 41 (4) 15 (3) 26 (5) ns
Total 1065 (100) 536 (100) 529 (100)

*Significant.

1Carisoprodol was taken off the market May 1st 2007.

2A codeine–paracetamol combination drug was the main agent in 29 cases.

Main agents present in ≤3 admissions were defined as “other”. In six cases, the main agent was unknown.

BZD vbenzodiazepines, GHB gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Of the opioids that were main agent, 79 were illegal substances. Of the legal opioids, 14 were methadone and none were buprenorphine. Of the anti-depressants as the main agent, 34 were selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and 13 were tricycle anti-depressants.

Lund et al.

Lund et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:858   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-858

Open Data