Table 3

Patterns of tobacco exposure among current smokers in rural areas of Yunnan province, China
Variables Men (N=2780) Women (N=37) All (N=2817)
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Use of various forms of tobacco+
 Filtered cigarettes 1718 (61.8) 16 (43.2) 1734 (61.6)
 Hookah / Water pipe 1447 (52.1) 22 (59.5) 1469 (52.1)
 Pipe tobacco 137 (4.9) 5 (13.5) 142 (5.0)
 Hand-rolled cigarettes 137 (4.9) 1 (2.7) 138 (4.9)
 Unfiltered cigarettes 103 (3.7) 0 (0.0) 103 (3.7)
 Chewing tobacco 31 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 31 (1.1)
Age of smoking initiation
 <=11 years 97 (3.5) 2 (5.4) 99 (3.5)
 12-20 years 2257 (81.2) 26 (70.2) 2283 (81.0)
 21-34 years 405 (14.6) 5 (13.5) 410 (14.6)
 >=35 years 21 (0.8) 4 (10.8) 25 (0.9)
Previous quit attempts
 At least one attempt in previous 12 months 368 (13.2)* 3 (8.1)* 371 (13.2)
 No attempt 2412 (86.8) 34 (91.9) 2446 (86.8)
Amount of smoking per day (cigarettes)
 <10 1323 (47.6)* 33 (89.2)* 1356 (48.1)
 >=10 1457 (52.4) 4 (10.8) 1461 (51.9)
Nicotine dependence
 High or very high dependence (score 6–10) 189 (6.8) 2 (5.4) 191 (6.8)
 Medium dependence (score 5) 225 (8.1) 3 (8.1) 228 (8.1)
 Low or very low dependence (score less than 5) 2366 (85.1) 32 (86.5) 2398 (85.1)
In the past seven days, the conditions under which others have smoked in front of you
 Public spaces (schools, hospitals, etc.) 2280 (82.0)** 6 (16.2)** 2286 (81.1)
 Workplace (labor field) 2176 (78.3)** 10 (27.0)** 2186 (77.6)
 In front of a pregnant woman while in indoor places ++ 331 (40.2)** 2 (11.3)** 351 (33.9)
 In front of children while in indoor places +++ 1657 (82.1) 20 (74.1) 1677 (84.6)

* P<0.05 from chi-squared test for difference between sexes, ** P<0.01 from chi-squared test for difference between sexes, † The current smoker used more than one form of smoking tobacco, †† The denominator is the number of current smokers living with children at home, ††† The denominator is the number of current smokers living with pregnant woman at home.

Cai et al.

Cai et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:842   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-842

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