Table 8

Summary results of evidence on the relationship environmental factors and general active transportation
Environm. variables Positive association Negative association No association A* B* C* D*
Residential density 34, 34 1 N/A N/A N/A
Land use mix diversity 34, 34, 62M, 62F, 62F 62M, 62F 62M 2 N/A N/A N/A
Street connectivity 62M, 62F, 62M, 62F, 62M, 62F 34, 34 2 N/A N/A N/A
Access to shops/services/work 58, 58, 58, 62M, 62F, 62M, 62F, 882 34, 34, 57, 881 5 8/12 67 +
Access to public transport 34, 34, 57 2 N/A N/A N/A
Access to recreation facilities 34, 34, 58, 62M, 62F 3 0/5 0 0
Walking/cycling facilities 57, 62M, 62F, 62M, 62F 34, 34, 34, 34, 58 4 5/10 50 (+)
Traffic-related safety 62F, 62M, 62F, 62M, 62F, 62M, 62F , 58, 62M, 62F, 62M, 62F, 62M, 62M 34, 34, 58, 62M, 62F, 62F 3 7/20 35 0
Crime-related safety 62F, 62M 34, 34, 58, 62M, 62F, 881, 882 4 2/9 22 00
Aesthetics 881 34, 34, 58, 62M, 62F881, 881, 882, 882, 882 3 1/11 9 0
Urbanization 62M, 62F 51M, 51F 62M, 62F 2 N/A N/A N/A

* A = n° of independent studies; B = n° of associated records divided by all records; C =% of evidence; D = summary code.

Regular vs italics font = subjective vs objective PA measures; regular vs bold font = subjective vs objective environmental measures.

M = specific results for males; F = specific results for females; 1 = specific results for 1st subgroup; 2 = specific results for 2nd subgroup.

Van Holle et al.

Van Holle et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:807   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-807

Open Data