Table 3

Categorization of samples by size, mean age, design, environmental and physical activity variables
Reference number Total
Sample size
<100 36 1
100 – 199 441, 82 2
200 – 299 33M, 33F, 341, 342, 74M 5
300 – 499 35, 442, 59, 60, 61, 6914, 74F, 77M, 84, 86 10
500 – 999 31, 38, 53M, 53F, 55M, 57, 62M, 62F, 6912, 77F, 79, 80 12
1000 – 2999 25, 26, 30, 39M, 39F, 55F, 58, 68M, 68F, 691, 692, 693, 694, 695, 696, 697, 698, 699, 6910, 6911, 6912, 6913, 6915, 6916, 6917, 73M, 73F, 78, 83, 85, 93 31
3000 – 4999 24, 27M, 27F, 39, 42M, 47, 49, 51M, 51F, 52, 56M, 56F, 66, 71M, 71F, 72M, 72F, 76, 87, 881, 882 21
5000 – 9999 29M, 29F, 32, 37, 40M, 40F, 41M, 41F, 42F, 43MI, 43MII, 43FI, 43FII, 48, 54, 64, 70, 73, 75 19
≥ 10000 28, 45M, 45F, 46, 50, 63, 65M, 65F, 67, 81, 89, 90, 91, 92 14
Mean age (years)
18.0 – 29.9 57, 79 2
30.0 – 39.9 34, 36, 51, 71, 72, 74, 75, 77, 80, 90, 91 11
40.0 – 49.9 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 33, 35, 38, 39, 42, 44, 45, 46, 49, 52, 53, 55, 58, 59, 65, 66, 67, 68, 73, 76, 78, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 93 36
50.0 – 59.9 27, 32, 48, 60, 61 5
60.0 – 64.9 40, 41, 47, 62 4
only provision of age range 30, 31, 37, 43, 50, 54, 56, 63, 64, 69, 70, 93 12
Study design
Cross-sectional 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93 69
Longitudinal 43 1
Measurement environment
Objective 27, 28, 30, 32, 36, 37, 40, 41, 43, 45, 47, 51, 52, 53, 56, 65, 66, 70, 78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92 31
Subjective 24, 25, 26, 33, 34, 35, 38, 39, 42, 44, 46, 49, 50, 59, 60, 63, 67, 68, 69, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 85, 93 28
Both 29, 31, 48, 54, 55, 57, 58, 61, 62, 64, 81 11
Measurement PA
Objective 36, 64, 74, 75, 90, 91 6
Subjective 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 37, 38, 40, 39, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 87, 88, 89, 92, 93 59
Both 82, 83, 84,85, 86 5
Environmental variables
Walkability 36, 59, 61, 78, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87 9
Residential density 32, 33, 34, 53, 55, 87 6
Land use mix diversity 32, 33, 34, 62, 80 5
Street connectivity 32, 33, 34, 62, 85 5
Access to shops/services/work 31, 33, 34, 35, 38, 39, 46, 53, 54, 57, 58, 62, 63, 64, 67, 70, 74, 77, 85, 88, 90, 91 22
Access to public transport 33, 34, 35, 46, 50, 53, 57, 93 8
Access to recr. facilities 24, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 40, 39, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 52, 54, 58, 60, 61, 62, 65, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73, 74, 76, 81, 85, 91, 92 32
Walking/cycling facilities 26, 33, 34, 35, 57, 58, 62, 64, 74, 80, 85, 90, 91 13
Safety 39, 46, 48, 49, 54, 55, 63, 71, 72, 73, 74, 80, 85 13
Traffic-related safety 26, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 40, 39, 41, 46, 55, 58, 62, 64, 70, 79, 80, 85, 90, 91 20
Crime-related safety 26, 31, 33, 34, 35, 40, 46, 49, 58, 62, 63, 67, 70, 75, 79, 85, 88, 90, 91 19
Aesthetics 29, 31, 33, 34, 69, 39, 49, 54, 55, 58, 63, 73, 74, 79, 80, 85, 88, 91 18
Hilliness 64, 80, 91 3
Urbanization 25, 26, 27, 29, 35, 42, 43, 45, 51, 54, 56, 62, 64, 66, 67, 70, 81, 84, 89, 90, 91 21
Quality of the environment 29, 54, 61, 71, 72, 74, 77 7
PA variables
Total PA 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 42, 44, 45, 46, 48, 52, 56, 57, 58, 61, 67, 68, 69, 72, 74, 76, 78, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87 34
Leisure-time PA (LTPA) 27, 29, 34, 40, 42, 43, 47, 49, 52, 55, 60, 61, 65, 66, 67, 70, 70, 73, 75, 77, 81, 84, 85, 86, 88, 89 26
Total walking 26, 33, 39, 42, 54, 61, 67, 71, 92, 93 10
Total cycling 92, 93 2
Recreational walking 34, 40, 52, 63, 78, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 92 11
Recreational cycling 40, 41, 52, 82, 84, 92 6
Active transportation 34, 51, 57, 58, 62, 88 6
Walking for transportation 50, 52, 63, 77, 78, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 92 11
Cycling for transportation 35, 38, 41, 50, 52, 53, 59, 64, 77, 79, 80, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 90, 91, 92 19

M = male subgroup; F = female subgroup; I = subgroup 1st measurement period; II = subgroup 2nd measurement period; superscript numbers indicate subgroups based on other classification criteria (e.g., country).

Van Holle et al.

Van Holle et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:807   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-807

Open Data