Table 5

Distribution of energy, macronutrient and fiber intakes of men and women in Gondar city, Ethiopia 2005
Intake per day RDA**    All     Men   Women Difference between men and women
Men, women
Energy (kcal)* 3067, 2403 a2233.89 ± 1261.56 3001.29 ± 1780.52 1929.95 ± 805.81 0.000
b1914.45 (661.25-7670.41) 2247.58 (989.43-7670.41) 1802.86 (661.25-6279.73)
Protein (g)
% energy from protein 56, 46 79.23 ± 36.68 104.03 ± 48.68 69.41 ± 24.63 0.000
71.26 (9.67-262.84) 85.83 (38.32-262.84) 67.05 (9.68-178.59)
c10-15% 13.71 13.48 13.82
Carbohydrate (g) 130 320.29 ± 246.78 460.42 ± 366.16 264.78 ± 146.41 0.000
255.91 (100.55-1421.03) 292.23 (113.87-1421.03) 233.67 (100.55-1174.65)
% energy from carbohydrate c55-75% 55.35 59.67 52.73
Fat (g) - 79.57 ± 31.94 92.06 ± 33.60 74.63 ± 29.91 0.000
73.82 (21.24-231.45) 86.23 (39.71-231.45) 71.13 (21.24-193.19)
% energy from fat c15-30% 30.94 26.85 33.44
Dietary fiber (g) 38, 25 19.27 ± 7.07 21.44 ± 7.43 18.41 ± 6.75 0.000
18.63 (1.59-44.63) 20.31 (8.52-44.63) 18.15 (1.59-44.41)

a: mean ± SD, b: median (range), c: Ranges of population energy intake goal as % of total energy, *: estimated energy requirement.

**: recommended dietary allowances.

Amare et al.

Amare et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:752   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-752

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