Table 1

Distribution (%) of tobacco promoting and restraining factors among Ghanaian youth by smoking intentions
Indicators Smoking intentions χ2 df P-value (2-tailed)
(N = 971) (N = 299)
No (%) Yes (%)
Smoking status 55.2 1 <0.001
Ever smokers 43 57
Never smokers 79 21
Gender 0.0 1 0.987
Boys 77 23
Girls 77 23
Age 1.4 3 0.707
12-14 years 75 25
15-16 years 77 23
17-18 years 78 22
19-20 years 74 26
Environmental and familial indicators
Smoking allowed on school compound 18.9 2 <0.001
Yes 56.2 43.8
No 78.2 21.8
Don’t know 60.9 39.1
Taught harmful effects of smoking in school 4.3 2 0.119
Yes 78.0 22.0
No 76.3 23.7
Not sure 67.6 32.4
Refused cigarette sale due to age 1.8 2 0.185
I never tried to buy tobacco 79.7 20.3
Yes 49.3 50.7
No 59.8 40.2
Exposure to tobacco advertisement 13.4 1 <0.001
Yes 72.3 27.7
No 81.0 19.0
Parental smoking 22.3 2 <0.001
None 79.2 20.8
One or both parents smokes 50.0 50.0
Can’t say 55.0 45.0
Family member discussed harmful effects of smoking 1.1 1 0.301
Yes 77.6 22.4
No 74.8 25.2
Knowledge/attitude indicators
Perceive smoking as harmful to health 87.7 4 <0.001
Completely agree 81.4 18.6
Slightly agree 48.6 51.4
Completely disagree 50.0 50.0
Slightly disagree 63.2 36.8
Not sure 44.4 55.6
It is difficult to quit smoking once started 19.2 4 0.001
Completely agree 50.0 50.0
Slightly agree 80.3 19.7
Completely disagree 70.4 29.6
Slightly disagree 65.8 34.2
Not sure 68.4 31.6
Tobacco should not be sold to those under 18 yrs of age 50.0 4 <0.001
Completely agree 80.6 19.4
Slightly agree 63.5 36.5
Completely disagree 63.5 36.5
Slightly disagree 44.8 55.2
Not sure 61.4 38.6

Doku et al.

Doku et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:662   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-662

Open Data