Table 1

Background characteristics of subjects examined at baseline in 1988–91 at the age of 35 stratified by whether or not they had hypertension or diabetes (as diagnosed by a physician) by the age of 50
Study group Controls p*
N 339 604
Male gender (%) 62 61 0.726
Married (%) 82 83 0.647
In working life (%) 96 93 0.207
Physical exercise at least 3 times/week (%) 25 28 0.442
Current daily smokers (%) 33 28 0.226
Self-reported health status at least quite good (%) 69 80 0.004
Alcohol consumption as grams/week (SD) 95.3 (96.2) 79.2 (90.0) 0.047
Height (cm), mean (SD) 172.8 (9.5) 172.8 (9.2) 0.910
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 26.1 (4.4) 23.8 (3.2) <0.001
Diastolic BP (mm Hg), mean (SD) 86 (10) 78 (8) <0.001
Systolic BP (mm Hg), mean (SD) 135 (13) 124 (10) <0.001
Hypertension (%) 9 0 <0.001
Diabetes (%) 2 0 0.016
Serum cholesterol (mmol/l), mean (SD) 5.5 (1.0) 5.2 (1.0) 0.001

*Fisher’s test for categorized variables, Mann Whitney U test for continuous variables. BP, blood pressure; BMI, body mass index.

Kunnas et al.

Kunnas et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:654   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-654

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