Table 1

Prevalence and distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and socio-demographic factors by sex
Variable Total Men Women p *
(n=999) (n=437) (n=562)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Age (years) 24.8 1.6 24.9 1.6 24.7 1.6 0.022
Full time education (years) 11.1 2.8 10.9 2.8 11.3 2.7 0.033
Number of belongings 1.5 0.95 1.44 0.96 1.54 0.95 0.118
BMI (kg/m2) 25.8 4.5 25.3 3.7 26.2 5.0 0.002
WC (cm) 83.9 11.3 85.1 9.6 83.0 12.5 0.003
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 114.6 13.5 123.5 11.4 107.8 10.7 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 72.5 8.8 75.7 8.4 70.0 8.3 < 0.001
HOMA 2.53 1.58 2.59 1.84 2.48 1.34 0.276
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 178.3 38.4 175.6 36.0 180.5 40.0 0.047
HDL (mg/dl) 41.4 11.7 39.5 11.1 42.9 11.9 < 0.001
LDL (mg/dl) 114.6 35.6 111.1 33.4 117.3 37.1 0.007
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 112.5 69.4 125.3 81.7 102.5 56.2 < 0.001
Variable % % % p
Smoking 57.8 66.8 50.7 < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg 4.3 8.9 0.7 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure≥90 mm Hg 3.4 5.3 2.0 0.004
HOMA ≥2.53 34.5 35.7 33.6 0.495
Total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dl 25.9 24.9 26.7 0.812
HDL ≤40 mg/dl 49 55.1 44.3 0.003
LDL ≥160 mg/dl 10.4 7.8 12.5 0.056
Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dl 17.6 22.4 13.9 < 0.001

SD is standard deviation and % percentage.

* p value estimated in an analysis of variance (ANOVA).

† p value estimated using chi square test.

Lara et al.

Lara et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:638   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-638

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