Table 4

Variation in knowledge score according to socio-demographic characteristics and selected attitudinal variables
Bowel cancer knowledge score % across knowledge tertile^ (n)
Variable 0-11 (Low) 12-15 (Medium) 16-18 (High) Significance
Gender (n = 93)
Male 31.8 (7) 13.6 (3) 54.5 (12) X2 = 4.5
Female 28.2 (20) 36.6 (26) 35.2 (25) p = 0.109
Age (n = 90)
Up to 44 years 29.2 (7) 37.5 (9) 33.3 (8) X2 = 1.1
45+ 28.8 (19) 27.3 (18) 43.9 (29) p = 0.601
Marital status (n = 86)
Married/de-facto 22.9 (11) 41.7 (20) 35.4 (17) X2 = 5.8
Widowed/divorced/ separated/single 39.5 (15) 18.4 (7) 42.1 (16) p = 0.054
Education (n = 90)
7 years or less (primary school or less) 40.0 (10) 32.0 (8) 28.0 (7) X2 = 3.32
More than 7 years (some high school or more) 23.1 (15) 30.8 (20) 46.2 (30) p = 0.190
Annual Income (n = 75)
Less than $20,000 28.6 (12) 35.7 (15) 35.7 (15) X2 = 5.5
$20,000 or more 9.1 (3) 33.3 (11) 57.6 (19) p = 0.064
Self-rated English reading ability (n = 91)
Poor or fair 44.0 (11) 28.0 (7) 28.0 (7) X2 = 4.3
Good, very good or excellent 22.7 (15) 31.8 (21) 45.5 (30) p = 0.116
Participated in any screening in last 2 years (n = 89)
No/don’t know 43.2 (19) 34.1 (15) 22.7 (10) X2 = 12.97
Yes 15.6 (7) 26.7 (12) 57.8 (26) p= 0.002*
Last time you saw a doctor (n = 89)
In the past year 23.2 (19) 31.7 (26) 45.1 (37) X2 = 12.79
A year ago or more 85.7 (6) 14.3 (1) 0 (0) p= 0.002*
Frequency of doctor visits (n = 91)
Once a year or less 42.3 (11) 25.0 (7) 5.4 (2) X2 = 12.34
Couple of times a year or more 21.1 (15) 29.6 (21) 49.3 (35) p= 0.002*
Ever had a colonoscopy? (n = 91)
No/don’t know 33.8 (26) 32.5 (25) 33.8 (26) X2 = 11.05
Yes 0 (0) 21.4 (3) 78.6 (11) p= 0.004*
Seen or heard advertising about bowel cancer (n = 91)
No/don’t know 35.6 (21) 32.2 (19) 32.2 (19) X2 = 5.96
Yes 15.6 (5) 28.1 (9) 56.3 (18) p = 0.051
Knows someone in family with cancer (n = 91)
No/don’t know 46.2 (18) 30.8 (12) 23.1 (9) X2= 12.6
Yes 15.4 (8) 30.8 (16) 53.8 (28) p= 0.002*
Perceived self-efficacy
How confident do you feel to complete FOBT test (n = 92)
Not confident- somewhat confident 44.2 (19) 32.6 (14) 23.3 (10) X2 =13.05
Confident-very confident 14.3 (7) 30.6 (15) 55.1 (27) p= 0.001*
Perceived susceptibility
Thinks they are at risk of bowel cancer (n = 91)
No/don’t know 84.6 (22) 75.9 (22) 48.6 (18) X2 =10.37
Yes 15.4 (4) 24.1 (7) 51.4 (19) p= 0.006*

*Significant at 0.05.

^Percentage calculated from valid responses indicated in parentheses adjacent to survey item.

X2- Chi-square.

Christou and Thompson

Christou and Thompson BMC Public Health 2012 12:528   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-528

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