Table 4

Adults per tonne biomass and energy used to maintain overweight and obesity
Country with more than 100,000 population Adults per tonne Average tTEE[1]Kcal/day/ adult Average energy used to maintain biomass due to BMI > 25 in kcal/day/adult Thousands of adults of average mass that could be maintained by the energy required to maintain BMI >25 BMI >30
Heaviest 10
United States 12.2 2874 243 22,509.2 7,886.6
Kuwait 12.9 2982 233 156.6 53.9
Croatia 13.1 2741 205 300.3 96.0
Qatar 13.0 3007 204 51.6 14.5
Egypt 13.5 2826 192 3,733.5 1,184.2
United Arab Emirates 13.2 3017 188 241.2 62.8
Trinidad and Tobago 13.8 2778 177 71.3 21.7
Argentina 13.8 2718 176 1,967.9 575.7
Greece 13.3 2707 169 636.0 159.3
Bahrain 13.6 2889 168 34.8 9.7
Lightest 10
North Korea 19.0 2348 8 57.5 1.5
Cambodia 17.9 2472 7 23.9 0.2
Burundi 18.5 2421 7 11.4 0.4
Nepal 19.8 2354 7 42.4 0.6
Democ. Rep. of the Congo 18.7 2410 6 71.2 2.2
Bangladesh 20.2 2342 5 178.2 2.7
Sri Lanka 19.8 2318 5 27.5 0.3
Ethiopia 18.9 2408 3 52.9 0.5
Viet Nam 19.7 2341 3 73.7 1.1
Eritrea 19.2 2393 2 2.0 0.0
WORLD 2005 16.1 2549 61 111,346 23,533
Scenario (1) if BMI as Japan in all countries 17.0 2490 (−2.4%) 22 40,519 (−64%) 1,726 (−93%)
Scenario (2) if BMI as USA in all countries 13.4 2810 (+10.2%) 224 406,255 (+265%) 136,721 (+481%)

(1) tTEE = theoretical Total Energy Expenditure calculated from FAO tables for adults, assuming that Physical Activity Levels (PAL) for each age-sex group in all countries were the same as those reported for USA in the same document. (2) To calculate these two columns we use the average theoretical tTEE of the world in 2005 (2549 kcal/day).

Walpole et al.

Walpole et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:439   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-439

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