Table 2

Odds ratios (OR) for the impact of educational level on chronic diseases
Men Women
OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
Diabetes
Required schooling only 1.37 (0.82-2.30) 0.227 3.68 (1.69-8.00) 0.001
Required schooling plus apprenticeship 1.31 (0.82-2.11) 0.265 2.46 (1.12-5.39) 0.025
Vocational (BMS) 1.15 (0.65-2.05) 0.632 2.09 (0.93-4.69) 0.073
High school (AHS/BHS) 1.85 (1.10-3.12) 0.020 1.85 (0.80-4.31) 0.153
Hypertension
Required schooling only 1.42 (1.06-1.90) 0.019 2.54 (1.84-3.51) <0.001
Required schooling plus apprenticeship 1.59 (1.23-2.06) <0.001 1.69 (1.23-2.34) 0.001
Vocational (BMS) 1.09 (0.80-1.51) 0.581 1.47 (1.06-2.06) 0.022
High school (AHS/BHS) 1.51 (1.13-1.41) <0.001 1.27 (0.89-1.81) 0.194
Myocardial Infarction
Required schooling only 2.08 (0.94-4.63) 0.071 4.42 (0.50-39.00) 0.180
Required schooling plus apprenticeship 2.01 (0.94-4.31) 0.074 3.90 (0.44-34.81) 0.223
Vocational (BMS) 1.58 (0.64-3.92) 0.321 3.52 (0.38-32.61) 0.268
High school (AHS/BHS) 1.80 (0.76-4.28) 0.184 2.11 (0.20-22.24) 0.535
Stroke
Required schooling only 8.45 (1.67-42.66) 0.010 1.06 (0.47-2.41) 0.887
Required schooling plus apprenticeship 7.77 (1.57-38.52) 0.012 0.75 (0.32-1.74) 0.501
Vocational (BMS) 7.70 (1.59-38.53) 0.017 0.54 (0.21-1.36) 0.192
High school (AHS/BHS) 7.03 (1.32-37.56) 0.023 0.74 (0.28-1.92) 0.737
Anxiety disorders or depression
Required schooling only 0.69 (0.44-1.08) 0.107 1.18 (0.81-1.72) 0.404
Required schooling plus apprenticeship 0.67 (0.44-0.98) 0.042 1.07 (0.74-1.56) 0.713
Vocational (BMS) 0.83 (0.51-1.37) 0.467 0.99 (0.67-1.47) 0.964
High school (AHS/BHS) 0.62 (0.39-0.99) 0.047 1.07 (0.72-1.59) 0.754
Overweight
Required schooling only 1.82 (1.45-2.28) <0.001 2.79 (2.24-3.47) <0.001
Required schooling plus apprenticeship 1.77 (1.47-2.13) <0.001 1.56 (1.27-1.93) <0.001
Vocational (BMS) 1.42 (1.13-1.78) 0.002 1.62 (1.31-2.02) <0.001
High school (AHS/BHS) 1.31 (1.07-1.61) 0.009 1.10 (0.88-1.37) 0.426
Obesity
Required schooling only 1.82 (1.27-2.61) <0.001 2.83 (1.96-4.08) <0.001
Required schooling plus apprenticeship 2.17 (1.57-2.98) <0.001 1.65 (1.15-2.38) 0.007
Vocational (BMS) 1.26 (0.85-1.87) 0.244 1.81 (1.24-2.63) 0.002
High school (AHS/BHS) 1.36 (0.95-1.96) 0.095 1.20 (0.81-1.79) 0.371

Results of a binary logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, occupational group, net household income, family status, smoking status, eating regularly a diet rich in meat, and lack of regular vigorous exercise in leisure time with the reference category of university education.

Kautzky-Willer et al.

Kautzky-Willer et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:392   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-392

Open Data