Table 2

Univariate and multivariate (adjusted) analysis of variable ‘ever used condom’ using survey logistic regression
Predictors Variable Unadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)
1. Residence Type
Formal Urban 1 1
Informal Urban 0.95 (0.72-1.27) 1.21 (0.53-2.74)
Rural 0.54 (0.39-0.77)** 0.97 (0.43-2.19)
2. Gender
Male 1 1
Female 0.68 (0.53-0.88)** 0.84 (0.50-1.40)
3. Ethnic Group
Asian/White 1 1
Coloured 1.40 (0.60-3.27) 0.67 (0.10-4.41)
African 2.71 (1.27-5.76)** 0.83 (0.24-2.89)
4. Age 0.93 (0.91-0.94)** 0.95 (0.94-0.97)**
5. Marital status
Unmarried 1 1
Married/Living together 0.22 (0.16-0.32)** 0.35 (0.21-0.60)**
Divorced/Widowed 0.29 (0.19-0.44)** 0.64 (0.15-2.71)
6. Employment
None 1 1
Student 3.24 (2.15-4.88)** 2.10 (0.72-6.12)
Temporary employment 1.16 (0.84-1.60) 1.54 (0.69-3.42)
Permanent employment 0.76 (0.57-1.00)* 0.93 (0.51-1.70)
7. Education
None/Below grade 12 1 1
Passed Grade 12 2.75 (2.12-3.54)** 1.10 (0.52-2.31)
Degree/diploma 1.59 (0.98-2.58)* 1.14 (0.33-3.90)
8. Knowledge about HIV
Inadequate 1 1
Adequate 1.93 (1.49-2.50)** 1.58 (0.87-2.86)
9. Knowledge about Condoms
Inadequate 1 1
Adequate 1.53 (1.17-2.02)** 1.42 (0.66-3.07)
10. Knowledge about correct use of condoms
No 1 1
Yes 9.06 (6.74-12.17)** 2.50 (1.17-5.35)*
11. Knowledge about own HIV status
No 1 1
Yes 1.75 (1.33-2.30)** 1.73 (0.94-3.20)*
12. Knowledge about HIV status of Partner
No 1 1
Yes 1.50 (1.20-1.89)** 1.00 (0.64-1.58)
13. Belief that condoms prevent HIV
No 1 1
Yes 3.00 (2.33-3.87)** 0.97 (0.39-2.44)
14. Perceived need for condoms
No 1 1
Yes 14.90 (9.73-22.79)** 1.65 (0.81-3.37)
15. Presence of stigma on Condom
No 1 1
Yes 0.33 (0.24-0.45)** 0.53 (0.30-0.94)*
16. Availability of condoms
No 1 1
Yes 5.12 (2.76-9.49)** 2.41 (1.32-4.41)**
17. Affordability of condoms
No 1 1
Yes 2.88 (2.15-3.84)** 1.13 (0.67-1.92)
18. Usual source of condoms
Free source 1 1
Paid source 2.13 (1.07-4.24)* 1.08 (0.46-2.55)
19. Sexual risk behaviour
No 1 1
Yes 1.35 (1.05-1.74)** 1.70 (1.10-2.61)*

***p < .01, **p < .05, *p < .10.

Chandran et al.

Chandran et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:381   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-381

Open Data