Table 1

Prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes in South Asian countries
Study date Study setting [reference] Sample size Age group Prevalence of pre-diabetes Prevalence of Diabetes Diabetes Epidemicity Index Diagnostic criteria
All Male Female All Male Female
Bangladesh 19992000 Rural [18] 4923 ≥20 12.4 12.7 12.1 3.8 5.2 3.4 76.5% ADA
2002 Rura [19] 1119 ≥20 8.4 7.3 9.4 6.4 7.4 5.5 56.8% ADA
2004 Semi-urban [20] 3981 ≥20 5.8 4.4 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.5 46.0% WHO 1997
20022003 Urban [21] 5265 ≥20 5.2 4.7 5.5 10.5 10.4 9.9 33.1% WHO 1997
20042005 Rural[22] 975 ≥20 4.7 3.9 5.2 8.5 9.4 8.0 35.6% WHO 1997
2000 Urban [23] 11216 ≥20 14.0 14.6 14.3 12.1 12.5 11.9 53.6% WHO 1997
2000 Urban [24] 10025 ≥20 8.1 8.4 7.9 13.9 13.3 14.3 36.8% WHO 1997
India 19992002 National [11] 18363 ≥25 5.2 5.6 5.5 4.3 4.4 4.5 54.7% WHO 1997
20022003 Urban [25] 10930 2069 5.3 6.2 3.9 10.1 11.1 8.4 34.4% WHO 1997
20022005 Urban [16] 986 >18 4.1 4.3 4.1 9.0 8.7 9.2 31.3% WHO 1997
2005 Rural [26] 4535 ≥30 15.5 16.6 14.3 13.2 14.3 12.0 54.0% ADA
2007 Rural [27] 1645 ≥20 4.6 5.4 4.9 12.5 16.5 13.5 26.9% WHO 1997
India 20082009 Urban [28] 2227 ≥20 13.2 NR NR 11.1 NR NR 54.3% WHO 1997
20092010 Rural [29] 1370 ≥20 12.0 10.5 13.6 19.8 16.1 22.0 37.7% WHO 1997
Maldives 2011a Rural [30] 1266 ≥20 NR NR NR 10.3 8.4 12.0 NR ADA
2004 National [14] 1556 2564 3.0 2.3 3.7 4.5 4.3 4.7 40.0% WHO 1997
19992001 Urban and rural [31] 1841 ≥20 6.5 7.0 6.1 10.6 11.6 9.8 38.0% ADA
Nepal 20012002 Urban [32] 1012 ≥40 11.5 13.2 10.2 8.5 10.8 6.9 57.5% ADA, WHO 1997
2007a Urban [17] 740 ≥20 19.5 25.0 15.0 9.5 11.8 7.9 67.2% ADA
Pakistan 1995 National [12] 5433 ≥25 10.2 6.6 12.1 8.7 9.3 11.1 54.0% WHO 1994
2002 Rural [15] 2032 ≥25 3.0 4.2 2.3 7.2 10.1 4.3 29.4% ADA
2000 Urban [33] 1042 3064 NR NR NR 6.5 5.0 6.6 NR ADA
Sri Lanka 20002001 Urban and rural [34] 6047 3065 14.1 14.2 14.1 13.8 14.2 13.5 50.5% ADA, WHO 1997
20052006 National [13] 4532 ≥20 11.5 11.0 11.7 10.3 9.8 10.9 52.8% ADA, WHO 1997

† calculated from available data; NR – Not reported; a - publication year.

Jayawardena et al.

Jayawardena et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:380   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-380

Open Data