Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of enrolled subjects
Hypertensive group Normotensive group
Demographic characteristics Men (n = 225) Women (n = 277) Men (n = 82) Women (n = 91)
Age, mean±SD 48.79 ± 7.39 48.26 ± 6.93 45.69 ± 6.58 46.49 ± 7.26
Blood pressure, mean±SD SBP:149.80 ± 11.13 DBP:97.74 ± 8.43 151.87 ± 11.13 95.76 ± 8.04 SBP:121.15 ± 9.70 DBP:78.90 ± 8.67 117.10 ± 11.96 73.85 ± 9.89
Educational level
Primary school 34 (15.1) 139 (50.2) 7 (8.5) 8 (8.8)
High school 149 (66.2) 123 (44.4) 29 (35.3) 53 (58.2)
University 42 (18.7) 15 (5.4) 46 (56.2) 30 (33.0)
Occupational status
Retired or unemployed 42 (18.7) 184 (66.4) 36 (43.9) 34 (37.4)
Professional 147 (65.3) 59 (21.3) 27 (32.9) 40 (43.9)
Physical labor 36 (16.0) 34 (12.3) 19 (23.2) 17 (18.7)
Income (RMB)
≤1000 37 (16.4) 194 (70.0) 8 (9.7) 47 (51.6)
1001 ~ 3000 129 (57.3) 74 (26.7) 62 (75.6) 38 (41.8)
≥3000 59 (26.2) 9 (3.2) 12 (14.6) 6 (6.6)
Cigarette smoking
Never 85 (37.8) 271 (97.8) 34 (41.5) 86 (94.5)
Moderate 28 (12.4) 6 (2.2) 21 (25.6) 3 (3.2)
Heavy 112 (49.8) 0 27 (32.9) 2 (2.3)
Alcohol consumption
Never 106 (47.1) 262 (94.6) 31 (37.8) 54 (59.3)
Moderate 80 (35.6) 14 (5.1) 29 (35.4) 25 (27.5)
Heavy 39 (17.3) 1 (0.4) 22 (26.8) 12 (13.2)
Tea drinking
Never 16 (7.1) 48 (17.3) 16 (19.5) 16 (17.6)
Moderate 53 (23.6) 95 (34.3) 24 (29.3) 34 (37.4)
Heavy 156 (69.3) 134 (48.4) 42 (51.2) 41 (45.0)
Medication use
ACEI/ARB 32 (14.2) 23 (8.3)
β blockers 8 (3.6) 9 (3.2)
CCB 28 (12.4) 37 (13.4)
Diuretics or others 14 (6.2) 17 (6.1)
No medication 143 (63.6) 191 (69)

Data are number (%) unless indicated.

SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; ACE1/ARB, angiotensin-converting enzym 1/angiotensin receptor blocker; CCB, calcium channel blocker.

Chen et al.

Chen et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:364   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-364

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