Table 5

Inequalities in smoking and overweight in European countries between low and high educational groups
Country Smoking* Overweight Smoking-related deaths Alcohol-related deaths
OR (CI95) OR (CI95) RR (CI95) RR (CI95)
Western Europe
Belgium 1.51 (1.45–1.58) 1.51 (1.45–1.57) 1.72 (1.68–1.77) 1.44 (1.33–1.56)
Switzerland NA NA NA NA
Nordic countries
Sweden 1.26 (1.13–1.40) 0.96 (0.87–1.05) 1.33 (1.31–1.35) 1.78 (1.72–1.84)
Finland 1.29 (1.12–1.36) 1.07 (1.02–1.13) 1.78 (1.73–1.84) 1.67 (1.61–1.74)
Denmark 1.45 (1.35–1.56) 1.25 (1.16–1.34) 1.42 (1.38–1.46) 1.32 (1.25–1.39)
Norway 1.43 (1.25–1.64) 0.95 (0.83–1.09) 1.57 (1.53–1.63) 1.76 (1.65–1.89)
Southern Europe
Italy 1.08 (1.05–1.11) 1.51 (1.45–1.57) 1.21 (1.16–1.27) 2.31 (1.63–3.47)
Spain 1.21 (1.13–1.29) NA 1.43 (1.37–1.49) 1.87 (1.42–2.47)
Baltic region
Estonia 1.27 (1.11–1.45) 0.95 (0.83–1.08) 1.64 (1.54–1.74) 1.88 (1.70–2.07)
Lithuania 1.48 (1.35–1.62) 1.03 (0.95–1.08) 2.21 (2.09–2.34) 2.78 (2.53–3.07)
Central and Eastern Europe
Slovenia 1.40 (1.09–1.81) 1.11 (0.86–1.42) 1.52 (1.47–1.58) 2.41 (2.26–2.57)
Poland NA NA NA NA
Czech Republic 1.86 (1.62–2.12) 1.27 (1.12–1.14) 2.41 (2.34–2.47) 2.69 (2.52–2.87)
Hungary 1.88 (1.72–2.05) 1.21 (1.12–1.32) 2.09 (2.04–2.14) 2.27 (2.19–2.33)

*Smoking= current regular smoking and occasional smoking, Overweight=body mass index > 25.

† OR (CI95)=odds ratio with 95% confidence interval adjusted for age and sex.

‡Smoking related death are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cancer of the buccal cavity, pharynx, oesophagus, larynx, trachea, bronchus, and lung.

∥Alcohol related deaths are accidental poisoning by alcohol and alcoholic psychosis, dependence, abuse, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis of the liver and inflammation of the pancreas.

For Switzerland and Poland no survey data were available (NA).

Plug et al.

Plug et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:346   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-346

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