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Open Access Research article

Household related predictors of burn injuries in an Iranian population: a case–control study

Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani1, Shahnam Arshi2, Mehrnaz Mashoufi3, Reza Deljavan-anvari4*, Mohammad Meshkini5 and Reza Mohammadi6

Author affiliations

1 Medical Philosophy and History Research Center, Statistics & Epidemiology Department, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of public health sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Ardabil University of medical sciences, Ardabil, Iran

4 Injury epidemiology and prevention research center, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran

5 Medical student, Injury epidemiology and prevention research center, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran

6 PHS Department, Karolinska Institute, Sweden. Injury epidemiology and prevention research center, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran

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Citation and License

BMC Public Health 2012, 12:340  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-340

Published: 9 May 2012

Abstract

Background

To prevent burn injuries it is vital to have sound information on predictors of its occurrence in different settings. Ardabil Province is the coldest province of Iran with high burden of burn injuries. The aim of this study was to determine the household related predictors of unintentional burns in Ardabil Province located at North-West of Iran.

Methods

The study was conducted through a hospital based case–control design. 239 burn victims as well as 246 hospital-based controls were enrolled. Both bivariate and multivariate analysis methods were used.

Results

Males comprised 55.2% of all the study subjects. Mean age of the participants was 21.8 years (95% CI: 19.17-24.4). The economic ability of the households was associated with risk of burn injuries. Multivariate conditional logistic regression results showed the following variables to be independent factors associated with burn injuries. Using non-conventional pipe-less air heaters instead of conventional piped kerosene- or gas-burning heaters (Odds ratio: 1.98, 95% CI: 1.1-3.6). Common use of picnic gas-stove for cooking at home (odds ratio = 1.6, 95%CI: 1–2.4). Using electric samovars instead of other types of samovars (Odds ratio = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1-1). Using samovars lacking the national standard authorization mark (Odds ratio = 2.2, 95% CI: 1.4-3.6).

Conclusion

Using some types of specific heating or cooking appliances, and unsafe use of conventional appliances were major risk predictors of burn injuries in this population.

Keywords:
Burns; Injuries; Risk factors; Epidemiology; Predictors; Case- control studies; Cooking; Stove; Iran