Table 2

HIV/AIDS prevention knowledge and perception of HIV risk infection by gender

Male

(n = 371)

Female

(n = 321)

Total

(n = 692)


n

%

n

%

n

%

χ2

p


Believe there are things a person can do to avoid HIV

370

99.7

321

100.0

691

99.9

0.86

1.000


HIV/AIDS knowledge

n = 370

n = 321

n = 691


Abstain from sex

367

99.2

316

98.4

683

98.8

0.83

0.482


Use condom

243

65.7

157

48.9

400

57.9

19.81

0.000


Limit sex to one partner

95

25.7

69

21.5

164

23.7

1.65

0.210


Avoid injections

70

18.9

50

16.2

122

17.7

0.87

0.350


Avoid sharing razors

139

37.6

141

43.9

280

40.5

2.88

0.090


Avoid traditional doctors

119

32.2

122

38.0

241

34.9

2.58

0.108


"ABC" knowledgeφ

83

22.4

54

16.8

137

19.8

17.24

0.001


Know anyone who had died or think has died of AIDS

311

83.8

277

86.3

588

85.0

0.81

0.394


Relationship to this person¶

n = 311

n = 277

n = 588

4.92

0.425


Parent

18

5.8

24

8.7

42

7.2


Other family member

61

19.6

45

16.3

106

18.1


Close friend

3

1.0

3

1.1

6

1.0


Acquaintance

71

22.8

64

23.2

135

23.0


Neighbor

158

50.9

140

50.7

298

50.7


Perception of HIV risk

n = 368

n = 319

n = 687

2.78

0.425


No risk/possibility

251

68.2

222

69.6

473

68.9


Small risk

40

10.9

26

8.2

66

9.6


Moderate risk

68

18.5

58

18.2

126

18.3


Great risk

9

2.4

13

4.1

22

3.2


Know a place where one can get condoms

260

70.6

132

41.3

392

56.9

59.62

0.000


φ Mentioned abstain from sex, use condom and limit sex to one partner

¶Calculated with the number of participants who know anyone who had died or think has died of AID as a denominator

Ntaganira et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:225   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-225

Open Data