Table 3

Health outcomes* for males related to caregiver status 2009 (adjusted Odds Ratios and 95% Confidence Intervals)**
Participant characteristics Poor self-assessed health Lower back pain Psychological distress
Males (n=27407) (n=23519)** (n=23233) (n=22781)
Caregiver status
  Non caregiver 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Part-time caregiver 1.15 [0.90-1.32] 1.36 [1.19-1.57] 1.16 [1.01-1.34]
  Full-time caregiver 1.14 [0.89-1.47] 1.67 [1.34-2.08] 1.68 [1.32-2.09]
Demographic characteristics
Age (year)
  20-29 1.50 [1.17-1.93] 0.91 [0.72-1.16] 1.44 [1.12-1.84]
  30-44 1.48 [1.22-1.79] 0.99 [0.83-1.18] 1.29 [1.05-1.59]
  45+ 1.00 1.00 1.00
Marital status
  Married 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Never married 1.16 [0.99-1.35] 0.72 [0.60-0.85] 1.33 [1.13-1.55]
  Separated, divorced, widowed 1.37 [1.05-1.78] 1.13 [0.87-1.47] 2.02 [1.58-2.58]
Socio-geographic characteristics
Household monthly income (Baht)
  <10,000 1.10 [0.87-1.39] 2.09 [1.66-2.62] 2.38 [1.88-3.02]
  10,000-19,999 1.01 [0.82-1.25] 1.64 [1.32-2.03] 1.80 [1.43-2.26]
  20,000-30,000 0.93 [0.79-1.11] 1.21 [1.01-1.46] 1.27 [1.04-1.56]
  >30,000 1.00 1.00 1.00
Work status
  Doing paid work 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Unpaid family workers 1.23 [0.93-1.63] 1.49 [1.16-1.92] 1.19 [0.90-1.57]
  Seeking work 1.33 [0.87-2.02] 1.82 [1.26-1.62] 2.94 [2.19-3.94]
  Others 1.08 [0.91-1.29] 1.19 [1.01-1.42] 1.17 [0.99-1.39]
Geographical residence
  Rural residence 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Urban residence 1.15 [1.01-1.32] 0.89 [0.78-1.01] 1.21 [1.06-1.38]
Health-risk behaviours
  Regular smokers - no 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Regular smokers - yes 1.53 [1.31-1.78] 1.31 [1.11-1.53] 1.41 [1.20-1.65]
  Regular alcohol drinkers - no 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Regular alcohol drinkers - yes 1.18 [1.02-1.37] 1.15 [0.90-1.25] 1.35 [1.17-1.57]
Body Mass Index
  Underweight 1.67 [1.24-2.26] 1.23 [0.89-1.71] 1.35 [1.02-1.79]
  Normal 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Overweight at risk 1.13 [0.95-1.34] 1.06 [0.90-1.25] 0.91 [0.77-1.08]
  Obese 1.62 [1.39-1.89] 1.21 [1.03-1.41] 1.11 [0.95-1.30]

*self-assessed health: ‘poor or very poor’; lower back pain: limits daily activity > 1 day; Kessler 6: score ≥ 13.

**multivariate analyses (numbers varied for each outcome): logistic regression included all attributes listed in Table.

Yiengprugsawan et al.

Yiengprugsawan et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1111   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1111

Open Data