Table 3

Multilevel logistic mixed models results for predictors on the full vaccine coverage of children in Malawi
Factors Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
OR(95% CI) OR(95% CI) OR(95% CI) OR(95% CI) OR(95% CI)
Fixed effects:
Child factors
Gender
Male 1.0 - - - -
Female 1.01(0.94-1.09) - - - -
Childs year of birth
2002 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
2003 0.87(0.73-1.06) 0.88(0.73-1.07) 0.87(0.72-1.06) 0.83(0.67-1.03) 0.83(0.67-1.03)
2004 0.98(0.81-1.17) 0.98(0.81-1.19) 0.99(0.82-1.21) 0.98(0.79-1.22) 0.98(0.80-1.22)
2005 0.83(0.69-1.00) 0.83(0.69-1.01) 0.82(0.68-1.01) 0.81(0.65-1.00) 0.81(0.66-1.00)
2006 0.64(0.53-0.78)*** 0.66(0.54-0.87)*** 0.66(0.54-0.80)*** 0.64(0.52-0.79)*** 0.64(0.52-0.79)***
Maternal factors
Mothers marital status
Single - 1.0 - - -
Married - 0.94(0.75-1.19) - - -
Divorced - 0.99(0.74-1.33) - - -
Separated - 0.89(0.67-1.18) - - -
Widowed - 0.95(0.68-1.32) - - -
Mother ever attended school?
Yes - 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
No - 1.12(0.99-1.25) 1.10(0.98-1.25) 1.09(0.95-1.25) 1.09(0.96-1.25)
Can mother read and write a simple sentence in any language?
Yes - 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
No - 0.81(0.72-0.89)*** 0.88(0.78-0.99)* 0.88(0.77-0.99)* 0.88(0.77-0.99)*
House-hold factors
Estimated annual household consumption per capital
Lowest quintile - - 1.0 1.0 1.0
2 - - 1.05(0.94-1.17) 1.05(0.94-1.19) 1.06(0.94-1.19)
3 - - 1.19(1.06-1.34)** 1.12(0.99-1.28) 1.12(0.99-1.26)
4 - - 1.19(1.06-1.36)** 1.13(0.99-1.24) 1.13(0.99-1.29)
Highest quintile - - 1.15(0.99-1.34) 1.05(0.90-1.23) 1.05(0.90-1.23)
Water source
Safe - - 1.0 1.0 1.0
Unsafe - - 0.78(0.71-0.85)*** 0.81(0.73-0.91)*** 0.81(0.73-0.90)***
Toilet facility
Improved pit latrine - - 1.0 1.0 1.0
Pit Latrine - - 0.85(0.71-1.01) 0.92(0.77-1.11) 0.92(0.77-1.08)
None - - 0.61(0.49-0.75)** 0.73(0.58-0.92)** 0.73(0.58-0.92)**
Health care
Where was the child delivered?
Hospital/maternity clinic - - 1.0 1.0
Health clinic - - 0.94(0.82-1.07) 0.94(0.82-1.07)
Health centre - - 0.75(0.67-0.84)*** 0.75(0.67-0.88)***
Health post - - 0.62(0.45-0.85)** 0.62(0.45-0.85)**
At home - - 0.92(0.72-1.17) 0.92(0.72-1.18)
Who assisted the delivery of the child?
Doctor/clinical officer - - 1.0 1.0
Midwife/nurse - - 1.32(1.16-1.50)*** 1.31(1.15-1.50)***
Trained t.b.a. - - 1.04(0.80-1.35) 1.04(0.80-1.35)
Self - - 0.66(0.47-0.94)* 0.66(0.47-0.94)*
Minutes to walk to the nearest health clinic or hospital
0-30 - - - 1.0 1.0
31-59 - - - 1.09(0.95-1.18) 1.09(0.95-1.18)
60+ - - - 0.99(0.88-1.13) 0.99(0.87-1.13)
Trust to hospital staffs
All - - - 1.0 1.0
Most - - - 1.06(0.96-1.18) 1.07(0.96-1.18)
Some - - - 1.05(0.94-1.18) 1.05(0.94-1.18)
Few 0.96(0.82-1.11) 0.96(0.83-1.12)
None - - - 1.00(0.77-1.31) 1.00(0.77-1.31)
Regional Factors
Delivery attended by Health personnel (%) - - - - 0.98(0.95-1.01)
Permanent dwelling (%) - - - - 1.01(0.97-1.04)
Log likelihood −8877.4 −8688.1 −8175.6 −7129.3 −7122.6

*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001; OR= adjusted odds ratio; CI= confidence interval.

Abebe et al.

Abebe et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1075   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1075

Open Data