Table 4

Average 24-hour nutrient intake among wasted and non-wasted patients stratified by tuberculosis disease severity
Characteristic [mean, (SD)]c Lean tissue: Not wasted Lean tissue: Wasted BMI: Not wasted BMI: Wasted
Mild (n=23) Severe (n=20) Mild (n=16) Severe (n=4) Mild (n=13) Severe (n=15) Mild (n=11) Severe (n=24)
Energy (MJ) 14.65 (2.32) 6.24 (3.04)b 8.19 (3.25) 6.02 (3.07)b 8.41 (2.89) 6.21 (2.66) 10.29 (4.85) 6.05 (3.28)b
Protein (g) 130.2 (36.2) 35.5 (17.7)b 58.6 (41.6) 43.1 (22.3) 66.0 (47.9) 40.6 (18.1) 75.9 (50.8) 39.6 (22.5)b
Total fat (g) 126.3 (57.3) 40.6 (38.8)b 48.6 (38.6) 31.5 (23.7) 46.7 (22.7) 32.5 (21.5) 79.2 (67.6) 36.9 (35.5)
Carbohydrate (g) 430 (133) 255 (117) 332 (127) 250 (138)b 339 (139) 259 (135) 359 (125) 248 (126)b
Calcium (mg) 1732 (2334) 273 (242) 579 (1024) 333 (404) 676 (1221) 401 (481) 884 (1502) 251 (214)
Magnesium (mg) 626 (320) 192 (116)b 249 (178) 239 (209) 267 (190) 243 (138) 365 (299) 205 (199)
Zinc (mg) 16.2 (2.5) 4.4 (2.2)b 5.4 (2.9) 5.9 (3.9) 5.7 (2.8) 5.4 (2.4) 9.1 (6.3) 5.3 (3.8)
Iron (mg) 24.3 (20.3) 7.5 (4.9) 10.2 (6.6) 12.0 (11.4) 10.4 (7.3) 10.2 (7.4) 15.0 (14.0) 10.1 (10.7)
Vitamin A (RE) 1094 (1252) 376 (634)b 682 (702) 452 (505) 716 (812) 477 (610) 792 (818) 386 (528)b
Folate (μg) 487 (429) 251 (209) 445 (260) 270 (159)b 420 (254) 251 (167) 489 (322) 270 (189)

p-values obtained with Wilcoxon test; ap-value <0.001, bp-value <0.05. cCharacteristic values are means ± standard deviation (SD). BMI = body mass index. BMI wasting = <18.5 kg/m2 for men and women; Lean tissue mass wasting = Lean tissue mass index <16.7 kg/m2 for men and <14.6 kg/m2 for women; moderate-severe tuberculosis disease = TBScore >5 [20].

Mupere et al.

Mupere et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1050   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1050

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