Table 3

Average 24-hour nutrient intake stratified by wasting and pulmonary tuberculosis disease severity
Characteristic [mean, (SD)]c Lean tissue mass BMI Disease severity
Not wasted (n=43) Wasted (n=20) Not wasted (n=28) Wasted (n=35) Mild ≤5 (n=24) Moderate/severe >5 (n=39)
Energy (MJ) 7.03 (3.31) 7.93 (4.48) 7.23 (2.94) 7.38 (4.26) 9.27 (3.94) 6.11 (3.02)b
Protein (g) 50.3 (33) 54.5 (44.3) 52.4 (36.8) 51.0 (37.3) 70.5 (46.4) 40 (20.6)b
Total fat (g) 39.4 (32.3) 57.8 (54.2) 39.1 (22.8) 50.2 (50.9) 61.6 (50.3) 35.2 (30.6)b
Carbohydrate (g) 288 (138) 290 (137) 296 (140) 283 (135) 348 (130) 252 (128)b
Calcium (mg) 448 (759) 565 (1125) 529 (895) 450 (885) 772 (1330) 308 (344)b
Magnesium (mg) 244 (193) 279 (242) 254 (161) 255 (242) 312 (245) 220 (177)
Zinc (mg) 5.7 (3.4) 6.8 (5.3) 5.5 (2.5) 6.5 (5.0) 7.2 (5.0) 5.3 (3.3)
Iron (mg) 11.2 (9.4) 10.9 (11.4) 10.3 (7.2) 11.7 (11.8) 12.5 (10.9) 10.2 (9.5)
Vitamin A (RE) 559 (608) 519 (807) 588 (708) 514 (650) 751 (798) 421 (555)b
Folate (μg) 351 (227) 298 (270) 330 (225) 338 (256) 452 (283) 262 (179)b

p-values obtained with Wilcoxon test; bp-value <0.001, bp-value <0.05. cCharacteristic values are means ± standard deviation (SD). BMI = body mass index; BMI wasting = <18.5 kg/m2 for men and women; Lean tissue mass wasting = Lean tissue mass index <16.7 kg/m2 for men and <14.6 kg/m2 for women; and moderate-severe tuberculosis disease = TBScore >5 [20].

Mupere et al.

Mupere et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1050   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1050

Open Data