Table 4

Association between programme exposure and HIV risk behaviours of IDUs at follow-up (2009)

Adjusted odds ratios (95% CI)


Shared needles / syringes at last injection

Shared needles / syringes during the past month

Condom last sex (regular partner)a

Condom last sex (casual partner)b

HIV test


Manipur


Accessed NGO services in last 6 months

0.51 (0.14 - 1.90)

0.35** (0.17 - 0.74)

3.00** (1.45 - 6.22)

1.19 (0.44 - 3.26)

1.52 (0.88 - 2.63)


Registered with an ORCHID NGO

0.47 (0.16 - 1.29)

0.59 (0.32 - 1.08)

2.75*** (1.63 - 4.64)

1.49 (0.78 - 3.00)

1.49* (1.01 - 2.19)


Usually obtain needles from NSP

0.42 (0.15 - 1.17)

0.32*** (0.18 - 0.57)

2.94*** (1.77 - 4.91)

0.66 (0.32 - 1.36)

1.62* (1.10 - 2.39)


Nagaland


Accessed NGO services in last 6 months

0.53** (0.35 - 0.79)

0.78 (0.52 - 1.15)

1.15 (0.69 - 1.92)

3.98** (1.80 - 8.76)

1.27 (0.87 - 1.85)


Registered with an ORCHID NGO

0.57** (0.41 - 0.87)

0. 63* (0.44 - 0.90)

1.87* (1.13 – 3.07)

1.61 (0.86 – 2.98)

0.89 (0.64 - 1.25)


Usually obtain needles from NSP

0.67* (0.46 - 0.98)

0.96 (0.68 - 1.42)

1.35 (0.83 - 2.19)

2.75** (1.35 – 6.00)

0.77 (0.55 - 1.10)


a Only IDUs who had a regular partner were included in this analysis; 422 in Manipur, 486 in Nagaland.

b Only IDUs who had a casual partner were included in this analysis; 246 in Manipur, 313 in Nagaland.

* p<0.05, ** p<0.01, *** p<0.001.

Note: Odds ratios were adjusted for the following variables; district, age, ever been married, literacy, age at initiation into injecting drug use, most commonly used drug, and frequency of drug use during the previous week.

Armstrong et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S9   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-S6-S9

Open Data