Table 5

Percent male migrants who reported consistent condom use$ during sex in places of destination and places of origin by type of partner

Consistent condom use in sex with

Prakasam district

Azamgarh district


Sex worker

Casual unpaid partner

Any partner#

Sex worker

Casual unpaid partner

Any partner#


% (n/N)

% (n/N)

% (n/N)

% (n/N)

% (n/N)

% (n/N)


Both returned and active migrants sample@

158

349

367

154

293

327

At place of origin before first move

72.4 (42/58)

19.6 (43/220)*

28.9** (68/235)

36.4 (12/33)

17.2* (44/256)

19.1** (50/262)

At place of origin during migration

59.4* (41/69)

25.9 (45/174)

38.8** (76/196)

30.6* (11/36)

27.9 (53/190)

28.1** (57/203)

At place of origin in present visit

71.9 (41/57)

20.0 (38/190)

35.9** (71/198)

23.3** (7/30)

26.1 (36/138)

27.2** (40/147)

At places of destination during migration(R)

74.4 (99/133)

26.9 (50/186)

55.7 (123/221)

53.5 (69/129)

27.4 (23/84)

44.2 (80/181)

Returned migrants sample@

77

176

182

84

142

159

At place of origin before first move

64.0 (16/25)

21.2 (24/113)

28.9** (35/121)

25.0** (4/16)

13.1** (16/122)

14.3** (18/126)

At places of origin during migration

67.7 (23/34)

27.0* (24/89)

40.4 (40/99)

23.8* (5/21)

25.0 (23/92)

24.8** (25/101)

At places of origin in present visit

76.7 (23/30)

19.8 (19/96)

38.0* (38/100)

14.3** (3/21)

24.2 (16/66)

25.4** (18/71)

At places of destination during migration(R)

71.2 (47/66)

22.7 (20/88)

51.8 (57/110)

54.1 (40/74)

31.6 (12/38)

46.9 (45/96)

Active migrants sample@

81

173

185

70

151

168

At place of origin before first move

78.8 (26/33)

17.8* (19/107)

29.0** (33/114)

47.1 (8/17)

20.9 (28/134)

23.5** (32/136)

At place of origin during migration

51.4** (18/35)

24.7 (21/85)

37.1** (36/97)

40.0 (6/15)

30.6 (30/98)

31.4 (32/102)

At place of origin in present visit

66.7 (18/27)

20.2 (19/94)

33.7** (33/98)

44.4 (4/9)

27.8 (20/72)

29.0 (22/76)

At places of destination during migration(R)

77.6 (52/67)

30.6 (30/98)

59.5 (66/111)

52.7 (29/55)

23.9 (11/46)

41.2 (35/85)


n - number used condoms consistently in sex; N - number who had sex with that specific partner within that place.

@ - Total sample who had sex with the specific partner either in place of origin or place of destination.

* p<0.05, ** p<0.01

(R) - Reference Category for comparison between proportions.

$ - Based on separate questions that asked about every time condom use in sex with different type of partners (sex worker or casual unpaid female partner) in places of origin and destination.

# - Consistent condom use in sex either with sex worker or casual unpaid or both partners (as applicable) in places of origin and/or destination.

    Note:
p-value refers to test for difference between proportions. Place of destination is used as the reference category to measure the differences in condom use behavior at place of origin at different times during the migration.

Saggurti et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S6   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-S6-S6

Open Data