Table 2

The effect of suboptimal breastfeeding on selected outcomes during infancy

0-5 months*

0-11 months*


Outcome

Reference Category

Predominant

Partial

Not

Partial

Not


Diarrhea Incidence

Exclusive

1.26 (0.81-1.95)[22]

1.68 (1.03-2.76)[22,23,28]

2.65 (1.72-4.07)[22,23,28]

Predominant

1.77 (0.82-3.83)[22,26,27]

2.08 (1.58-2.72)[22,27]

Partial

1.71 (1.38-2.11)[22,23,27]



Diarrhea Prevalence

Exclusive

2.15 (1.81-2.55)[22,30,32,34]

4.62 (2.37-9.00)[22,30,32]

4.90 (2.93-8.21)[22,32,34]

Predominant

1.46 (0.95-2.26)[22,27,30]

2.40 (1.31-4.43)[22,27,34]

Partial

2.05 (1.46-2.88)[22,27]

Any

1.21 (0.95-1.53)[34]



Diarrhea Mortality

Exclusive

2.28 (0.85-6.13)[19,20]

4.62 (1.81-11.76)[19,20]

10.52 (2.79-39.6)[19,20]

Predominant

2.41 (1.21-4.83)[20]

7.88 (2.64-23.46)[20]

4.19 (2.24-7.84)[25,33]

11.73 (4.71-29.21)[25,33]

Partial

3.26 (1.15-9.25)[20]

1.69 (1.11-2.58)[25]



All-Cause Mortality

Exclusive

1.48 (1.14-1.92)[19,20,24]

2.84 (1.63-4.97)[19,20,24]

14.40 (6.13-33.86)[19,20]

Predominant

1.69 (1.10-2.61)[20]

8.08 (4.45-14.69)[20]

Partial

4.77 (2.65-8.61)[20]



Diarrhea Hospitalization

Exclusive

2.28 (0.08-6.55)[20]

4.43 (1.75-13.84)[20]

19.48 (6.04-62.87)[20]

Predominant

3.16 (1.42-7.05)[20,29]

16.41 (4.59-58.69)[20,29]

Partial

3.95 (1.91-8.19)[20]


*Effect reported as RR (95% CI)[Ref]

Lamberti et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 3):S15   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-S3-S15

Open Data