Table 1

Breastfeeding exposures

Exposure Category[12]

Permitted to Receive


Exclusive Breastfeeding

• breast milk from mother or wet nurse or expressed breast milk

• NO other liquids or solids except vitamin drops or syrups, mineral supplements, or prescribed medicines


Predominant Breastfeeding

• breast milk from mother or wet nurse or expressed breast milk

• water and water-based drinks

• NO food-based fluid with the exception of fruit juice and sugar water

• vitamin drops or syrups, mineral supplements, or prescribed medicines


Partial Breastfeeding

• breast milk from mother or wet nurse or expressed breast milk

• any other liquids or non-liquids, including both milk and non-milk products


No Breastfeeding

• formula and/or animal’s milk

• NO breast milk


Any Breastfeeding

• breast milk from mother or wet nurse or expressed breast milk

• Includes children exclusively, predominantly, fully, and partially breastfed


Lamberti et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 3):S15   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-S3-S15

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