Table 2

Diabetes Health Care Characteristics of Older U.S. Adults with Diabetes by Geographic Locale (Rural or Non-Rural)* 2009 BRFSS Data (weighted n = 7946892)

Variables and Factors

% Non-Rural (weighted n = 6191312)

% Rural (weighted n = 1755580)


Age of Diabetes Onset

< 45 Years

10.4

10.4


45 - 64 Years

47.6

47.7


> = 65 Years

42.0

41.9


Insulin Use

Yes

25.3

27.7


No

74.7

72.3


BMI

BMI < 25

21.3

18.0


BMI 25- < 30

38.0

39.2


BMI ≥ 30

40.7

42.8


Physical Activity

Getting At Least Moderate Physical Activity

31.2

31.3


Inactive

68.8

68.7


Smoking Status

Smoker

13.5

14.2


Non-Smoker

86.5

85.8


Diabetes Has Affected Eyes

Yes

19.2

20.5


No

80.8

79.5


Self-Glucose Check

< Daily

57.3

54.7


Daily Check

42.7

45.3


Self-Foot Check

< Daily

58.2

55.0


Daily Check

41.8

45.0


High Blood Pressure (HBP)

Do Not Have HBP

25.5

24.6


Have HBP

74.5

75.4


Controlled Blood Pressure

Controlled

97.2

96.8


Not Controlled

2.8

3.2


Last Cholesterol Check

> 12 Months Ago

8.6

11.5


Within Last 12 Months

91.4

88.5


Seasonal Flu Vaccination

No

30.0

29.5


Yes

70.0

70.5


Lifetime Pneumonia Vaccination

No

33.9

27.8


Yes

66.1

72.2


Lifetime Diabetes Education

No

64.1

69.1


Yes

35.9

30.9


Diabetes Check-up

< Twice In Past 12 Months

50.5

50.3


At least Twice In Past 12 Months

49.5

49.7


Health Care Provider Checked A1c

< Twice In Past 12 Months

57.9

58.1


At least Twice In Past 12 Months

42.1

41.9


Health Care Provider Checked Feet

< Twice In Past 12 Months

63.1

64.7


At least Twice In Past 12 Months

36.9

35.3


Dilated Eye Exam

Longer Than 12 Months Ago

47.4

50.0


Within Last 12 Months

52.6

50.0


Adequacy of Diabetes Care

Adequate Care

25.2

23.1


Less Than Adequate Care

74.8

76.9


*In all instances column proportions differ significantly from each other at the .05 level.

Lutfiyya et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:940   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-940

Open Data