Table 2

Associations between CDQ score and characteristics of the home food environment: simple and multiple regression

Simple Regression

Multiple Regression

Characteristic

(n = 396)

Regression co-efficient (95% CI)

p-value

Regression co-efficient (95% CI)

p-value

Parental role-modeling

Daily serves of fruit & vegetables (F&V)

0.87 (0.64-1.11)

< 0.001

0.30 (0.09-0.50)

0.005

Occasions/day modeled F&V consumption

1.09 (0.78-1.40)

< 0.001

Pressure to eat

Pressure to eat

-0.78 (-1.40- -0.17)

0.012

Parent providing behaviour

Times/day parent provides F&V

2.22 (1.96-2.49)

< 0.001

1.80 (1.53-2.09)

< 0.001

Fruit and vegetable availability

Different varieties of F&V in home

0.34 (0.25-0.43)

< 0.001

0.12 (0.03-0.20)

0.006

Fruit and vegetable accessibility*

F&V kept in ready to eat format (Yes)

1.80 (0.87-2.73)

< 0.001

0.90 (0.20-1.60)

0.012

Mealtime practices*

Always eat together as a family (7 nights per week)

0.90 (-0.02-1.82)

0.055

Never eat dinner in front of TV (0 nights per week)

0.87 (-0.04-1.79)

0.061

Family eats most meals at table/bench (All or most of the time)

0.48 (-0.86-1.82)

0.480

Family eating policies*

(% who all of most of the time ...)

Ask child to eat everything on plate at dinner

-0.05 (-0.96-0.87)

0.922

Restrict dessert if child does not eat dinner

-0.68 (-1.60-0.25)

0.151

Reward with dessert if child finishes dinner

-0.79 (-1.79-0.21)

0.121

Only allow child to eat at set mealtimes

1.38 (0.46-2.31)

0.003

1.00 (0.31-1.68)

0.006

Allow child to help him/herself to snacks

-1.59 (-3.90-0.72)

0.177

Socio-demographic characteristics#

Parental education - University

1.13 (0.22-2.05)

0.015

Annual household income >\$100,000

0.87 (-0.05-1.79)

0.065

Child gender

0.64 (-0.27-1.55)

0.169

Child age

-0.12 (-0.87-0.64)

0.765

* Dichotomous characteristics

# Parental education, household income and child gender were controlled for in the multivariate model but were not significant; p = 0.172, p = 0.848, p = 0.164 respectively.

Wyse et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:938   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-938