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Open Access Research article

Reproductive morbidity among Iranian women; issues often inappropriately addressed in health seeking behaviors

Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani1, Masoumeh Simbar23* and Mehrandokht Abedini4

Author Affiliations

1 Associate professor, Reproductive Endocrinology Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate professor, Department of Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

3 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery of Shahid Beheshti Medical Science University (3th floor, Deputy of research), Vali-Asr Avenue, Cross of Vali-Asr and Neiaiesh Highway, Opposite to Rajaee Heart Hospital, Tehran, Iran

4 Director for Department of Geriatric Health care Department, Deputy of Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education Tehran, Iran

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BMC Public Health 2011, 11:863  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-863

Published: 14 November 2011



Reproductive morbidity has a huge impact on the health and quality of life of women. We aimed to determine the prevalence of reproductive morbidities and the health seeking behavior of a nationally representative sample of Iranian urban women.


A sample of 1252 women, aged 18-45 years, was selected using the multi stage, stratified probability sampling procedure. Data were collected through interviews and physical, gynecological and ultrasonographic examinations.


Reproductive tract infection (RTIs), pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and menstrual dysfunction were the three main groups of morbidities with a prevalence of 37.6%, 41.4% and 30.1%., respectively. Our study demonstrated that 35.1, 34.5 and 9.6 percent of women experienced one, two or these reproductive organ disorders mentioned, respectively, while 20.6 percent of participants had none of these disorders. Findings also showed that the majority of women who suffered from reproductive morbidities (on average two out of three) had not sought appropriate care for these except for infertility.


Reproductive health morbidities impose a large burden among Iranian women and have negative impact on their reproductive health and wellbeing.