Table 3

Characteristics of the residential environments of participants

% of participants or median/range

Significant association with housing type?


Type of participant's dwelling

General private housing

39.5

NA

General social housing

15.5

Sheltered private housing

23.0

Sheltered social housing

22.0

Form of participant's dwelling

Detached house

8.5

Detached bungalow

5.5

Semi-detached house

12.5

Semi-detached bungalow

6.0

Terraced house

22.0

Terraced bungalow

4.0

Converted flat

2.5

Purpose built low-rise flat

27.0

Purpose built high-rise flat (3+ storeys)

12.0

Height of participant's dwelling

3+ storeys

29.0

2 storeys

55.0

1 storey

13.0

Approximate age of participant's dwelling

Pre-1914

7.0

1914-1939

15.0

1940-1969

13.5

1970-1989

35.5

1990+

27.5

Type of participant's street

Main road in city/town

23.5

High street in city, town or village

2.0

Residential street/square

35.0

Residential cul-de-sac

33.0

Open access mews/courtyard

3.0

Rural through street

2.5

Rural side street/lane

0.5

Other

0.5

Shape of participant's street

Straight

41.5

Gentle curve

21.5

Serpentine

9.5

Tight curve

2.0

Loop

5.5

Cul-de-sac

18.5

Crescent

1.0

Square

0.5

Topography of participant's street

Flat

53.5

X

Gently sloping without steps

28.5

Gently sloping with steps

0.5

Steep (over 5% or 1 in 20)

11.5

without steps

0.5

Steep (over 5% or 1 in 20) with steps

5.5

Undulating

Pedestrian/traffic segregation on participant's street

No footway - roadway only

8.5

Shared surface e.g. Home Zone

1.0

Delineated non-raised footway

1.0

Raised footway

80.5

Raised footway/vegetation

7.5

Raised footway divided between pedestrians and cyclists

0.5

Raised footway/cycle lane on road

0.5

Pedestrianised

1.0

Extent of "eyes on the streets" on participant's street

Large amount

34.0

Moderate amount

46.5

Small amount

14.5

Great variety along the street

5.0

Extent of variety of built form on participant's street

Generally uniform

47.0

Fairly varied

31.0

Greatly varied

22.0

Size of block participant's house is situated in

Very large block (≥250 m)

60.0

Large block (151-249 m)

20.0

Medium block (91-150 m)

11.0

Short block (≤ 90 m)

4.0

Not applicable

5.0

Predominant setback of buildings from street

Zero setback

3.5

≤2 m

10.5

> 2 m/< 5 m

44.0

≥5 m

19.5

Varied

22.5

Residential location

Major city/town centre

7.5

Major city/town district

22.5

Major city/town suburban/edge

26.0

Large town centre

6.5

Large town suburban/edge

15.0

Small town

9.5

Village

13.0

Predominant block size within 300 m radius

Very large blocks (≥250 m)

31.0

Large blocks (151-249 m)

23.0

Medium blocks (91-150 m)

14.5

Short blocks (≤ 90 m)

26.0

Varied

0.5

Not applicable

5.0

Predominant street pattern within 300 m radius

Regular geometric grid

9.0

Distorted grid

35.0

Curvilinear (looped)

15.0

Cul-de-sac (tree pattern)

13.0

Radial

8.0

Ribbon

6.5

No discernible pattern

13.5

Predominant mix of uses within 300 m radius

Residential

22.0

Residential with occasional other uses

39.5

Fine grain mix of residential and non-residential usesClusters of residential and

14.5

non-residential

24.0

Density of built-up area within 300 m radius

Very high density

2.0

High density

24.5

Moderate density

50.5

Low density

15.5

Very low density

7.0

Mixed

0.5

General extent of natural surveillance within 300 m radius

Large amount

19.0

Moderate amount

57.5

Small amount

11.0

Great variety of level of surveillance throughout the neighbourhood

12.5

General level of legibility within 300 m radius

Very large amount

7.5

x

Large amount

30.0

Moderate amount

38.0

Small amount

21.5

Very small amount

3.0

General amount of traffic within 300 m radius

Heavy

25.0

Medium

49.5

Light

25.5

General amount of greenery within the 300 m radius

Very large amount

7.0

Large amount

37.5

Moderate amount

36.0

Small amount

17.5

Very small amount

2.0

Motorised traffic level (number of vehicles over 2 minutes) in participant's street

Median

1

Minimum

0

Maximum

55

Total amount of open space within 300 m radius (ha)

Median

3.39

X

Minimum

0.00

Maximum

29.10

Total number of junctions within 300 m radius

Median

23

Minimum

3

Maximum

332


Burton et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:839   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-839

Open Data