Table 2

Characteristics of 178 infant deaths with medical record information, by district, 2004-2006

Variable

Messina (N = 70)

Palermo (N = 108)

p-value


%


Gestational age


Term

10.3

17.2

0.25

Preterm

89.7

82.8


Residency


City

42.9

51.8

0.24

Suburbs

57.1

48.2


Type of delivery


Spontaneous

27.1

19.4

0.41

Caesarean

47.1

53.7

Not Specified

25.7

26.8


Malformations


Yes

25.7

43.1

0.02

No

74.3

56.9


Birth weight


<1500 Very Low Birth Weight

64.5

60.8

0.96

1500-2499 Low Birth Weight

14.5

21.5

>2500 Normal Weight

21

17.7


Cause of death categories


Respiratory diseases

12.9

13

0.02

Congenital Cardiac diseases

14.3

16.7

Other malformations and congenital pathologies

8.6

24.1

Preterm and prematurity

44.3

21.3

Cerebro-vascular anomalies

10

11.1

Others (sepsis, cancer, etc)

10

13.9


Maternal Age


<25

5.7

5.6

0.02

25-29

11.4

12.4

30-34

34.3

17.4

35-39

14.3

7.3

> = 40

14.3

3.9

Not Specified

7.9

14.0


Neonatal Intensive Care Unit


Presence*


Yes

89.7

78.6

0.06

No

10.3

21.4


Admission to


Yes

97.1

90.1

0.13

No

2.9

9.9


*Presence of the NICU in the hospital of delivery

Mazzucco et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:817   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-817

Open Data