Table 4

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke (At Home and in Public Places) and School Policy and Enforcement Regarding Bans on Smoking, by Region and Country, Medical Global Health Professions Student Survey, 2005-2008

In the past 7 days, had someone smoke in their presence and their home

In the past 7 days, had someone smoke in their presence other than in their home

Had an official policy banning smoking in school buildings and clinics

Had an official policy banning smoking in school buildings and clinics and the policy was enforced

Current cigarette smokers who want to stop smoking cigarettes now


Country

(Site)

Year

Total %

(95% CI)

Total %

(95% CI)

Total %

(95% CI)

Total %

(95% CI)

Total %

(95% CI)


AFRICAN REGION (AFR)


Algeria

2007

27.0

(25.7 - 28.3)

38.4

(37.0 - 39.8)

29.8

(28.5 - 31.1)

25.0

(22.7 - 27.4)

68.7

(63.1 - 73.7)


Kenya

2008

43.9

(40.1 - 47.9)

64.5

(60.6 - 68.1)

60.1

(55.7 - 64.3)

44.4

(37.4 - 51.6)

58.3

(43.8 - 71.5)


Niger

2008

31.7

(30.1 - 33.3)

71.2

(69.6 - 72.7)

44.6

(42.9 - 46.3)

42.8

(40.3 - 45.3)

93.6

(89.4 - 96.3)


Uganda

2005

38.1

(34.7 - 41.5)

61.1

(57.6 - 64.5)

22.3

(18.9 - 26.2)

40.5

(31.9 - 49.8)

*


EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION (EMR)


Egypt

2005

45.6

(41.7 - 49.5)

78.4

(76.1 - 80.6)

31.1

(26.2 - 36.5)

41.1

(32.1 - 50.8)

66.0

(47.0 - 81.0)


Gaza Strip/West Bank

2007

63.3

(59.7 - 66.8)

67.1

(63.6 - 70.5)

30.0

(26.7 - 33.5)

18.8

(13.8 - 25.1)

*


Iran

2007

31.2

(28.8 - 33.7)

54.1

(51.5 - 56.7)

33.5

(31.1 - 36.1)

66.9

(62.5 - 71.0)

33.5

(21.7 - 47.9)


Iraq

2005

50.2

(47.4 - 53.1)

60.6

(57.8 - 63.4)

9.4

(7.9 - 11.2)

30.5

(22.1 - 40.6)

70.2

(56.1 - 81.4)


Lebanon

2006

54.7

(51.3 - 58.1)

80.7

(77.9 - 83.3)

51.6

(48.2 - 55.0)

61.9

(57.2 - 66.4)

40.4

(32.1 - 49.3)


Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

2006

45.6

(43.9 - 47.2)

59.6

(58.0 - 61.2)

11.5

(10.5 - 12.6)

44.2

(38.8 - 49.7)

72.2

(65.6 - 78.0)


Saudi Arabia

2006

31.0

(27.3 - 34.9)

60.9

(57.0 - 64.7)

59.8

(55.8 - 63.7)

75.7

(70.4 - 80.3)

75.9

(61.9 - 86.0)


Sudan

2007

40.6

(37.7 - 43.5)

68.5

(65.6 - 71.2)

18.3

(16.2 - 20.7)

68.3

(61.6 - 74.4)

92.1

(80.7 - 97.0)


Syrian Arab Republic

2006

59.9

(59.0 - 60.8)

79.3

(78.5 - 80.0)

10.2

(9.7 - 10.8)

48.6

(45.8 - 51.5)

58.8

(56.2 - 61.4)


Tunisia

2007

44.5

(42.1 - 47.0)

65.2

(62.9 - 67.5)

36.6

(34.3 - 39.1)

35.4

(31.5 - 39.5)

61.8

(51.9 - 70.8)


EUROPEAN REGION (EUR)


Albania

2005

72.5

(70.3 - 74.7)

95.8

(94.7 - 96.7)

14.1

(12.1 - 16.4)

41.4

(33.7 - 49.6)

90.1

(85.7 - 93.3)


Armenia

2006

65.1

(59.5 - 70.4)

80.0

(74.9 - 84.2)

54.0

(48.1 - 59.8)

90.5

(84.8 - 94.2)

71.3

(50.2 - 86.0)


Bosnia & Herzegovina

2006

53.0

(51.8 - 54.2)

91.1

(90.4 - 91.8)

58.8

(57.6 - 59.9)

30.1

(28.7 - 31.6)

46.6

(44.4 - 48.9)


Croatia

2005

50.4

(47.9 - 53.0)

95.2

(93.9 - 96.2)

83.1

(80.7 - 85.2)

73.8

(70.8 - 76.7)

55.2

(50.0 - 60.3)


Czech Republic

2006

25.9

(23.6 - 28.4)

84.9

(82.8 - 86.7)

95.7

(94.4 - 96.7)

51.9

(49.0 - 54.8)

55.2

(47.7 - 62.6)


Kyrgyzstan

2008

41.1

(38.3 - 43.9)

82.1

(79.9 - 84.2)

50.5

(47.6 - 53.3)

70.2

(66.1 - 74.0)

84.0

(79.1 - 87.9)


Lithuania

2006

34.9

(30.7 - 39.3)

68.1

(63.9 - 72.1)

78.5

(74.3 - 82.2)

57.3

(52.3 - 62.2)

60.9

(49.2 - 71.4)


Russian Federation

2006

48.8

(47.7 - 49.9)

85.4

(84.6 - 86.2)

74.6

(73.6 - 75.6)

34.2

(33.0 - 35.5)

68.2

(66.2 - 70.2)


Serbia

2006

67.8

(66.3 - 69.2)

89.5

(88.4 - 90.4)

67.4

(65.9 - 68.9)

81.2

(79.6 - 82.6)

57.7

(54.7 - 60.8)


Slovakia

2006

50.1

(48.5 - 51.8)

79.4

(78.0 - 80.6)

85.2

(84.0 - 86.3)

48.2

(46.4 - 50.0)

59.6

(55.9 - 63.2)


Slovenia

2007

28.2

(24.1 - 32.6)

76.8

(72.5 - 80.5)

90.1

(86.9 - 92.6)

97.6

(95.5 - 98.7)

53.3

(39.0 - 67.1)


REGION OF THE AMERICAS (AMR)


Argentina

2005

65.4

(63.5 - 67.2)

91.3

(90.1 - 92.3)

69.0

(66.8 - 71.1)

78.8

(76.3 - 81.1)

62.2

(58.5 - 65.7)


Bolivia

2006

46.8

(41.6 - 52.1)

74.2

(69.2 - 78.6)

34.4

(21.1 - 50.7)

61.4

(44.8 - 75.8)

65.7

(60.8 - 70.3)


Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)

2006

24.3

(22.8 - 25.7)

75.5

(74.0 - 76.9)

8.8

(7.5 - 10.2)

5.6

(3.0 - 10.5)

49.1

(43.3 - 54.8)


Chile

2008

42.2

(40.8 - 43.7)

83.2

(82.1 - 84.3)

67.5

(66.0 - 69.1)

57.6

(55.3 - 59.8)

57.7

(54.7 - 60.7)


Costa Rica

2006

45.9

87.7

69.9

75.3

65.6


Cuba (Havana)

2008

71.3

(69.4 - 73.2)

91.8

(90.7 - 92.9)

60.8

(58.7 - 62.8)

31.4

(29.0 - 33.9)

58.2

(54.1 - 62.1)


Guatemala

2008

34.6

(31.5 - 37.8)

75.0

(72.0 - 77.7)

72.7

(69.7 - 75.6)

19.4

(16.4 - 22.8)

67.7

(58.4 - 75.9)


Jamaica

2008

29.0

(24.1 - 34.4)

58.9

(53.2 - 64.4)

82.1

(77.2 - 86.1)

50.6

(44.1 - 57.0)

*


Mexico

2006

46.8

(40.4 - 53.2)

83.7

(79.3 - 87.3)

52.3

(42.3 - 62.1)

62.1

(51.3 - 71.8)

58.4

(52.0 - 64.5)


Panama

2008

29.7

(27.4 - 32.2)

51.1

(48.5 - 53.7)

75.3

(72.9 - 77.5)

66.1

(63.2 - 68.9)

69.4

(60.2 - 77.3)


Paraguay

2008

46.4

(44.7 - 48.2)

82.5

(81.1 - 83.7)

26.1

(24.6 - 27.7)

44.7

(41.3 - 48.1)

86.0

(82.3 - 89.1)


Peru

2006

37.1

(31.0 - 43.6)

65.4

(60.4 - 70.2)

31.2

(20.7 - 44.1)

59.0

(48.9 - 68.3)

59.7

(52.7 - 66.3)


Uruguay

2008

39.7

(38.6 - 40.7)

49.1

(48.0 - 50.2)

90.7

(90.0 - 91.3)

91.3

(90.6 - 91.9)

53.7

(51.4 - 56.0)


SOUTH-EAST ASIA REGION (SEAR)


Bangladesh

2006

44.7

(24.9 - 66.3)

77.1

(45.9 - 93.1)

67.2

(40.7 - 86.0)

79.1

(51.8 - 93.0)

26.6

(12.4 - 48.1)


India

2005

42.8

(37.9 - 47.9)

73.7

(68.9 - 78.0)

48.0

(44.5 - 51.5)

62.8

(54.7 - 70.3)

71.8

(52.7 - 85.4)


Indonesia

2006

44.6

(37.9 - 51.4)

80.3

(72.3 - 86.3)

41.1

(24.7 - 59.8)

41.0

(29.5 - 53.6)

76.6

(53.1 - 90.4)


Myanmar

2006

54.4

(53.4 - 55.4)

78.5

(77.6 - 79.3)

68.1

(67.2 - 69.1)

52.8

(51.5 - 54.1)

74.8

(71.3 - 78.0)


Nepal

2005

45.9

(26.1 - 67.0)

69.3

(48.3 - 84.5)

53.1

(47.2 - 59.0)

56.8

(33.3 - 77.5)

65.3

(32.0 - 88.3)


Sri Lanka

2006

21.1

(19.6 - 22.7)

54.5

(52.5 - 56.4)

39.4

(37.4 - 41.4)

74.2

(70.9 - 77.3)

66.7

(55.2 - 76.5)


Thailand

2006

27.3

(25.0 - 29.7)

56.1

(53.5 - 58.6)

48.4

(45.8 - 51.0)

80.0

(76.5 - 83.1)

69.5

(46.1 - 85.8)


WESTERN PACIFIC REGION (WPR)


Cambodia

2005

57.7

(52.1 - 63.0)

64.0

(58.5 - 69.1)

63.1

(57.5 - 68.3)

73.1

(65.3 - 79.7)

*


South Korea

2006

16.8

(14.4 - 19.5)

75.2

(69.5 - 80.1)

78.6

(72.5 - 83.7)

83.4

(79.0 - 87.0)

65.5

(53.6 - 75.7)


Viet Nam

2007

61.4

(60.6 - 62.3)

71.2

(70.4 - 72.0)

71.8

(71.0 - 72.6)

88.2

(87.3 - 89.1)

71.1

(68.0 - 74.1)


* Cell size less than 10

Warren et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:72   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-72

Open Data