Table 1

Cross sectional associations of housing tenure and main variables in the analyses at the baseline and last phases of the Whitehall II study

Housing tenure

Difficulty paying bills

Problems with house


Phase 1 (1985-88)

Owner-occupier

Rented housing

Slight/no difficulty

Some/great difficulty

Slight/no problems

Some/great problems

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

% men

70.6%

8998

40.8%

1228

67.1%

6003

68.8%

1649

68.0%

5629

66.2%

2025

GHQ

55.05

8986

55.43

1220

54.34

6002

57.70

1648

53.99

5628

58.06

2024

Age

44.28

8998

45.62

1228

44.70

6003

43.91

1649

44.80

5629

43.80

2025

% low grade

16.4%

8998

67.3%

1228

22.2%

6003

29.0%

1649

23.0%

5629

25.3%

2025

% in rented housing

0.0%

8998

100.0%

1228

11.0%

5969

15.5%

1636

9.7%

5594

18.1%

2014

% some to great difficulty paying bills

20.7%

6697

27.9%

908

0.0%

6003

100.0%

1649

15.3%

5622

38.9%

2025

% with some to great housing problems

24.6%

6701

40.2%

907

20.6%

5999

47.8%

1648

0.0%

5629

100.0%

2025

% retired

0.0%

8998

0.0%

1228

0.0%

6003

0.0%

1649

0.0%

5629

0.0%

2025

% without cohabiting partner

21.4%

8967

56.9%

1223

25.7%

5983

24.9%

1633

23.4%

5606

31.2%

2011

Phase 9 (2008-09)

Owner-occupier

Rented housing

Slight/no difficulty

Some/great difficulty

Slight/no problems

Some/great problems

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

Mean or %

N

% men

71.8%

6270

52.1%

284

71.8%

6144

57.0%

407

71.6%

5771

65.3%

1023

GHQ

51.98

6267

55.48

284

51.67

6142

59.64

407

51.22

5351

56.68

915

Age

65.92

6270

66.37

284

65.97

6144

65.27

407

66.12

5415

65.45

935

% low grade

8.3%

2380

37.6%

117

8.4%

2333

26.1%

161

8.6%

2014

13.9%

359

% in rented housing

0.0%

6270

100.0%

284

3.7%

6103

13.8%

400

3.5%

5308

8.0%

900

% some to great difficulty paying bills

5.5%

6223

19.6%

280

0.0%

6144

100.0%

407

4.6%

5306

13.7%

901

% with some to great housing problems

13.9%

5949

27.8%

259

13.3%

5842

33.7%

365

0.0%

5771

100.0%

1023

% retired

68.4%

6007

68.7%

262

68.9%

5884

59.8%

378

69.0%

5202

67.5%

874

% without cohabiting partner

22.8%

6186

61.8%

272

23.7%

6055

37.4%

398

22.6%

5343

34.0%

912


Howden-Chapman et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:682   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-682

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