Table 1

Characteristics of tobacco control surveys

Survey

Sampling

Frequency of data collection

Tobacco control parameters measured


GHS/GLF

Nationally representative household surveys across the UK.

N = ~ 14,500 adult smokers and non-smokers.

Annual, smoking data collected since 1974.

From 2005, respondents followed-up for 4 years, with ~25% replaced each year.

Smoking prevalence; cigarette consumption; cigarette type; cigarette dependence; tar yield; age started smoking; desire to quit; demographics.


HSE

Nationally representative household surveys across England.

N = 5000-15000 adults smokers and non-smokers.

Annual, since 1991.

No follow-up.

Smoking prevalence; cigarette consumption; cigarette type; cigarette dependence; salivary cotinine (biochemical indicator of cigarette smoke intake); focus in 2007 on Smokefree legislation.


ONS

Nationally representative household surveys across the UK.

N = ~1,800 adult smokers and non-smokers.

Monthly, since 1990. Basic smoking questions asked routinely in 2 months each year. Additional smoking questions included when requested.

Varies month-to-month and year-to-year. At least yearly: smoking prevalence, dependence, behaviour, and habits. Previously requested: attitudes towards smoking, quitting, and smoking restrictions; awareness of health-risks; attempts to quit; demographics.


ITC

Random telephone dialling across 20 countries (including UK and USA); telephone surveys.

N = ~2,000 adult smokers per country.

Annual, since 2002.

Yearly follow-up with replenishment for drop-outs and those who stop smoking.

Smoking behaviours and dependence; quitting behaviours; use of alternative nicotine products; attitudes towards and effects of label warnings, advertising, and taxation; health beliefs; demographics; other potential moderators.


ATTEMPT

Internet recruitment and assessment across the UK, USA, France, and Canada.

N = ~2,000 adult smokers intending to quit in next 3 months.

Survey lasted 2.5 years.

Tri-monthly follow-up.

Smoking behaviours and dependence; number and method of quit attempts; reasons for quitting; short-term health effects; weight-related measures; demographics.


GHS/GLF, General Lifestyle Survey (formerly General Household Survey); HSE, Health Survey for England; ONS, Office of National Statistics Opinions Survey (formerly Omnibus Survey); ITC, International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project.

Fidler et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:479   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-479

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