Table 2

Comparison of health-related characteristics between participants and non-participants measured before the onset of the lifestyle project

Participants (n = 400)

% (n)

Non-participants (n = 1459)

% (n)

p-value


BMI

- < 18.5

1 (3)

1 (16)

.168

- 18.5-24.9

64 (254)

61 (874)

- 25-29.9

30 (118)

31 (441)

- > 30

5 (20)

8 (113)

Physical activity

- Sedentary

8 (30)

16 (227)

.0005

- Physically active

93 (370)

84 (1226)

Sleep disturbances

- Yes

21 (82)

26 (381)

.025

- No

79 (314)

74 (1073)

HAD-D score

- < 7

86 (335)

83 (1189)

.159

- ≥ 7

14 (55)

17 (245)

Feeling about going to work

84 (335)

79 (1133)

.008

- Positive

12 (48)

13 (185)

- Neutral

4 (16)

8.5 (122)

- Uneasy

Self-reported health

- Very good/good

87 (346)

83 (1208)

.064

- Neither good nor bad

11 (43)

12 (174)

- Not good

3 (10)

5 (74)

Educational level1

.435

- Lower

39 (140)

37 (496)

- Higher

61 (216)

63 (842)


Only persons replying to the question at the four year follow-up whether they had participated in the Lifestyle in the West project are included in the analysis (n = 1859)

BMI = Body mass index.

HAD-D = Subscale depression of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. A score of ≥ 7 is used to indicate a relative lack of joy/happiness.

1 Lower = high school/vocational; Higher = college/university. Missing are those responding to 'other professions' that could not be categorized into lower or higher education.

Jonsdottir et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:448   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-448

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