Table 3

Unadjusted and adjusted exponentiated parameter estimates and confidence intervals for the zero-inflated Poisson regression models testing the association between childhood financial hardship and multimorbidity

Logistic portion of the ZIP model

Model 1

Model 2

Model 3


Childhood financial hardship

.30

(.004, 46.63)

.39

(.10, 1.52)

.43

(.11, 1.60)

Gender

(female is reference)

.92

(.46, 1.87)

1.00

(.49, 2.04)

Age

.77***

(.69, .82)

.78***

(.68, .82)

Race

(white is reference)

4.03

(.74, 22.01)

.28

(.05, 1.22)

Educational Attainment

(less than high school)

High School/GED

1.79

(.74, 4.34)

Some College or more

.79

(.29, 2.16)

Poisson Portion of the ZIP model

Model 1

Model 2

Model 3


Childhood financial hardship

1.11**

(1.04, 1.19)

1.10***

(1.04, 1.16)

1.08**

(1.02, 1.14)

Gender

(female is reference)

.36

(.10, 1.39)

.41

(.11, 1.50)

Age

1.02***

(1.02, 1.03)

1.02***

(1.02, 1.03)

Race

(white is reference group)

.73

(.37, 1.45)

1.14

(.56, 2.32)

Educational Attainment

(less than high school)

High School/GED

.21*

(.05, .93)

Some College or more

1.52

(.63, 3.67)


p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001; Childhood financial hardship was measured by a question, "While you were growing up, before age 16, did financial difficulties ever cause you or your family to move to a different place?"

Tucker-Seeley et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:313   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-313

Open Data