Table 2

Effect of various risk factors on the level of maternal emotional distress (scl-5 score) in gestational week 17 among 49,425 pregnant women.

Risk factor

Range

Mean

SD

% exposed

Crude b

Adjusted b

95% CI

Beta

Unadjusted r


Sociodemographic variables

Maternal age (< 20)

0, 1

0.12

1.5

0.79

0.21

0.13, 0.28

0.02

0.09

Maternal age (20-24)

0, 1

0.32

12.0

0.28

0.06

0.03, 0.08

0.02

0.09

Single motherhood

0, 1

0.11

1.2

0.88

0.43

0.34, 0.51

0.05

0.09

Family income

0-12

6.48

2.07

-0.08

-0.03

-0.03, -0.02

-0.06

-0.16

Mother unemployed

0, 1

0.21

4.6

0.45

0.21

0.17, 0.25

0.04

0.10

Father unemployed

0, 1

0.18

3.5

0.39

0.09

0.05, 0.14

0.02

0.07

Mothers' education

0-5

3.35

1.38

17.5A

-0.09

-0.02

-0.02, -0.01

-0.02

-0.13

Social network and family

Relationship satisfaction

1-6

5.29

0.65

-0.48

-0.38

-0.40, -0.37

-0.25

-0.31

Number of supportive persons

1-3

2.46

0.57

-0.19

-0.09

-0.10, -0.07

-0.05

-0.11

Contact frequency (family/friends)

1-3

2.79

0.43

-0.14

-0.06

-0.08, -0.04

-0.03

-0.06

Life strain

Work stress

0-9

5.51

1.87

0.05

0.05

0.05, 0.06

0.10

0.10

Dissatisfaction at work

0-9

1.94

1.62

0.11

0.07

0.06, 0.07

0.11

0.18

Noisy work

0-6

0.79

1.31

0.07

0.02

0.01, 0.02

0.02

0.09

Lacking control over work situation

0-6

3.23

1.47

0.03

-0.01

-0.02, -0.01

-0.02

0.05

Irregular working hours

0, 1

0.33

12.1

0.25

0.11

0.08, 0.13

0.04

0.08

Mother on sick leave

0, 1

0.40

20.3

0.25

0.17

0.15, 0.19

0.07

0.10

Children without kindergarten

0, 1

0.32

11.5

-0.06

-0.07

-0.09, -0.04

-0.02

-0.02

Shift work

0, 1

0.40

20.4

-0.08

-0.08

-0.10, -0.06

-0.03

-0.03

Housing situation

0, 1

0.40

20.5

0.20

0.08

0.06, 0.10

0.03

0.08

Life events

Frequent moving

0-4

1.16

1.17

5.3A

0.10

0.05

0.05, 0.06

0.06

0.11

Previous violence experience

1-3

1.03

0.24

0.41

0.08

0.04, 0.12

0.02

0.10

Current violence experience

1-3

1.02

0.18

0.43

0.10

0.06, 0.15

0.02

0.07

Previous sexual pressure

1-4

0.01

0.12

0.76

0.25

0.17, 0.32

0.03

0.09

Health and lifestyle

Maternal alcohol problems last year

0-16

1.00

0.19

0.09

0.08, 0.10

0.09

0.18

Maternal smoking

0, 1

0.31

10.7

0.41

0.13

0.11, 0.16

0.04

0.12

Somatic disease

0-23

1.00

0.16

0.11

0.10, 0.11

0.11

0.16


Significance level for all the predictors in the table: p < 0.001.

Additional predictors included in the analyses with significant unique effects on scl-5 (p < 0.01):

Mother student/military, Fathers' education, Living in a nuclear family.

The following predictors had no significant unique effect on scl-5 (p > 0.01):

Mother staying at home, Physically demanding work, Father student/military, Father staying at home, Living with extended family, Living with others, Maternal alcohol consumption, Current sexual pressure/violence.

Effects of the dummy variables indicating missing values on 1-2 working condition items (NS) and indicating 3-5 missing values (b = 0.07, p < 0.001), respectively, are not included in the table.

A: frequency of extreme high score (Frequent moving: 4 or more times the last three years, Mothers' education: more than 4 years university education)

Røsand et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:161   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-161

Open Data