Table 1

Age-adjusted associations of lifestyle factors with male reproductive health problems: OR (95% CI)

Characteristic

Number of men in each categorya

ED

LUTS

PD

pAD


Prevalence of condition

21.3% (1012/4753a)

16% (811/4986)

14% (677/4993)

31% (1172/3756)


Waist circumference (cm)

Small (<94)

2470

0.7 (0.6-0.9)*

0.9 (0.7-1.1)

1.0 (0.8-1.2)

0.7 (0.6-0.9)**

Medium (94.0-101.9)

939

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

Large (≥ 102)

952

1.3 (1.0-1.6)

1.1 (0.9-1.3)

1.1 (0.9-1.4)

1.2 (1.0-1.5)

BMI (kg/m2)

Underweight (<20)

111

2.4 (1.3-4.3)*

0.8 (0.5-1.3)

0.6 (0.4-1.0)

2.1 (1.2-3.8)

Acceptable (20.0-24.9)

1652

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

Overweight (25.0-29.9)

2282

1.1 (0.9-1.3)

0.9 (0.8-1.1)

0.9 (0.7-1.0)

1.2 (1.0-1.4)

Obese (≥ 30)

885

1.8 (1.4-2.2)**

1.2 (0.9-1.4)

0.8 (0.6-1.0)

1.8 (1.5-2.3)**

Alcohol consumption

Abstainer

630

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

Low risk drinker

4002

0.7 (0.6-0.9)*

0.7 (0.6-0.9)*

1.0 (0.8-1.3)

0.9 (0.7-1.1)

Risky or high risk drinker§

359

1.1 (0.8-1.6)

0.9 (0.6-1.3)

0.7 (0.4-1.0)

1.4 (1.0-1.9)

Cigarette smoking

Current smoker||

912

1.3 (1.0-1.6)

1.1 (0.9-1.4)

0.6 (0.4-0.8)*

1.3 (1.1-1.7)*

Former smoker

2321

1.2 (1.0-1.4)

1.0 (0.9-1.2)

1.0 (0.8-1.2)

1.3 (1.1-1.5)*

Never smoked

1769

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

Physical Activity

Sedentary§§

1166

1.5 (1.2-1.8)**

1.1 (0.9-1.4)

0.8 (0.6-1.0)

1.3 (1.1-1.6)*

Insufficient activity††

2075

1.1 (0.9-1.3)

1.0 (0.8-1.1)

1.0 (0.8-1.2)

1.1 (0.9-1.3)

Sufficient activity‡‡

1749

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)

1.0 (referent)


a Note: numbers included in each analysis differ slightly from those presented here due to missing data.

* p < 0.01 ** p < 0.001

Do not consume alcohol; Drink up to 6 standard drinks on any one day, no more than three days a week; § Risky drinkers (7 to 10 standard drinks on any one day) and high risk drinkers (11 or more standard drinks on any one day)

||Currently smoke, daily, weekly or less often than weekly; Do not smoke now but have smoked at least 100 cigarettes or equivalent tobacco over a lifetime

§§ No participation in physical activity; †† Some physical activity reported but not meeting 'sufficient' criteria; ‡‡ At least five separate sessions of vigorous-intensity activity

Holden et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:96   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-96

Open Data