Table 3

Comparisons of the profiles of mothers who visited dentist during the current pregnancy (n = 36) with those who did not (n = 88)

Variables

Dental visit

χ2statistics (df)

p value


Yes (%)

n = 36

No (%)

n = 88


Age (years)

≤35

25 (69.4)

67 (76.1)

0.598 (1)

0.440

> 35

11 (30.6)

21 (23.9)

Ethnic group

Malay

35 (97.2)

82 (93.2)

-

0.672a

Others

1 (2.8)

6 (6.8)

Highest educational level

Secondary

19 (52.8)

38 (43.2)

3.810 (2)

0.149

Post-secondary/Diploma

6 (16.7)

30 (34.1)

Tertiary

11 (30.6)

20 (22.7)

Household income (Malaysian Ringgit)

<3000

25 (69.4)

61 (69.3)

0.331 (2)

0.848

3001-5000

8 (22.2)

17 (19.3)

>5000

3 (8.3)

10 (11.4)

Employment status

No

12 (33.3)

30 (34.1)

0.007 (1)

0.936

Yes

24 (66.7)

58 (65.9)

Period of gestation (weeks)

28-32

15 (41.7)

36 (40.9)

0.440 (2)

0.803

33-37

12 (33.3)

34 (38.6)

>37

9 (25.0)

18 (20.5)

Gravida status

Primigravida

10 (27.8)

24 (27.3)

0.003 (1)

0.954

Multigravida

26 (72.2)

64 (72.7)

Oral health status

Fair

13 (36.1)

25 (28.4)

0.713 (1)

0.398

Very good/good

23 (63.9)

63 (71.6)

Self-reported oral health problem

None

11 (30.6)

39 (44.3)

2.375 (2)

0.305

One problem

12 (33.3)

27 (30.7)

Two or more problems

13 (36.1)

22 (25.0)

Oral health education received before the current pregnancy

No

17 (47.2)

72 (81.8)

15.094 (1)

<0.001

Yes

19 (52.8)

16 (18.2)

Aware of relationship between maternal oral health and pregnancy outcomes

No

6 (16.7)

42 (47.7)

10.389 (1)

0.001

Yes

30 (83.3)

46 (52.3)

Aware of free dental services in government clinics

No

11 (30.6)

42 (47.7)

3.078 (1)

0.079

Yes

25 (69.4)

46 (52.3)

Distance to nearest dental clinic (km)

≤5

20 (55.6)

60 (68.2)

1.779 (1)

0.182

>5

16 (44.4)

28 (31.8)

Accessibility to the nearest dental clinic

Difficult

2 (5.6)

6 (6.8)

0.102 (2)

0.950

Easy

26 (72.2)

64 (72.7)

Very easy

8 (22.2)

18 (20.5)


a Fisher's Exact test

Saddki et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:75   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-75

Open Data