Table 4

Relative risk derived from knowledge factors associated with acquisition of HIV amongst pregnant women

Variable

No. tested

No. HIV positive (%)

RR(95% CI)


How do you rate your chances of infection?

No risk

92

10 (10.9)

Referent

Small risk

78

5 (6.4)

0.6(0.2-1.7)

Moderate risk

67

4 (6.0)

0.5(0.2-1.7

High risk

101

9 (8.9)

0.8(0.3-1.9)

Don't know

101

11 (10.9)

1.0(0.4-2.3)

Why do you think you have no risk?

I am married

34

4 (11.8)

Referent

I have one sexual partner

20

2 (10.0)

0.8(0.2-4.3)

My partner is faithful

36

5 (13.9)

1.2(0.3-4.0)

I use condoms regularly*

2

0 (0)

0.2(0.03-2.3)

Others

31

1 (3.2)

0.8(0.1-5.8)

Not applicable

12

1 (8.3)

Why do you think you are at risk?

Partner cannot be trusted

156

9 (5.8)

Referent

Partner has other sexual partners

18

4 (22.2)

3.8(1.3-11.2)

I have other sexual partners

1

0 (0)

Incalculable

We do not use condoms

30

2 (6.7)

1.2(0.3-5.1)

Others

25

1 (4.0)

0.7(0.1-5.3)

Not applicable

18

1 (5.6)

1.0(0.1-7.2)

Can consistent condom use prevent STI/HIV?

Yes

339

28 (8.3)

Referent

No

56

4 (7.1)

1.2(0.4-3.2)

Abstain as prevention of STI and HIV?

Yes

45

3 (6.7)

Referent

No

349

29 (8.3)

0.8(0.3-2.5)

Do you know someone infected with HIV?

Yes

146

8 (5.5)

Referent

No

296

31

0.5(0.2-1.1)

Do HIV-infected people always show signs?

No (Can look healthy)

287

23 (8.0)

Referent

Yes (Always show signs)

124

12 (9.7)

0.8(0.4-26.8)

Do not know

27

4 (14.8)

1.5(0.5-4.4)

Are healthy-looking infected men infectious?

Yes

408

34 (8.3)

Referent

No

15

1 (6.7)

1.3(0.2-8.6)

Do not know

18

4 (22.2)

3.3(0.4-26.8)

Can a woman transmit HIV to her baby?

Yes

415

35 (8.4)

Referent

No

1

0

Incalculable

Do not know

17

4 (19.0)

2.3(0.9-5.8)

Can you discuss AIDS with a family member?

Yes

335

30 (9.0)

Referent

No

108

9 (8.3)

1.1(0.5-2.2)

Can you discuss AIDS with your spouse?

Yes

386

32 (8.3)

Referent

No

56

7 (12.3)

0.7(0.3-1.4)

Can you discuss AIDS with your friends?

Yes

317

28 (8.8)

Referent

No

125

11

1.0 (0.5-2.0)


Munjoma et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:668   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-668

Open Data