Table 4

Cross-sectional odds ratios (OR)1 of current daily snus use and dual tobacco use versus smoking in relation to lifestyle and health factors in the Stockholm Public Health Survey 2006.

Characteristic

Males

Females



Snus use

OR (95% CI)

Dual use

OR (95% CI)

Snus use

OR (95% CI)

Dual use

OR (95% CI)


Risky alcohol consumption

No

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Yes

1.06

1.42

1.07

1.79

(0.91-1.23)

(1.08-1.85)

(0.86-1.33)

(1.10-2.91)


Binge drinking

Never/seldom

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Monthly

1.24

1.20

0.64

1.68

(1.05-1.47)

(0.89-1.61)

(0.47-0.88)

(0.94-3.02)

Weekly

0.95

1.69

0.77

1.72

(0.77-1.16)

(1.23-2.32)

(0.51-1.17)

(0.80-3.69)


Fruit consumption

Once a week or less

0.47

1.64

0.36

0.87

(0.36-0.62)

(0.91-2.96)

(0.25-0.53)

(0.43-1.76)

Several times a week/daily

0.65

1.18

0.76

0.77

(0.50-0.85)

(0.67-2.10)

(0.61-0.95)

(0.45-1.30)

Several times a day

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref


Vegetable consumption

Once a week or less

0.41

1.28

0.31

0.57

(0.30-0.56)

(0.72-2.27)

(0.20-0.49)

(0.22-1.45)

Several times a week/daily

0.63

1.02

0.61

0.72

(0.48-0.83)

(0.59-1.76)

(0.49-0.76)

(0.43-1.23)

Several times a day

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref


Body mass index 2

Underweight

0.18

0.59

0.51

1.03

(0.08-0.42)

(0.20-1.78)

(0.30-0.87)

(0.36-2.95)

Normal weight

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Overweight

1.26

1.55

0.97

1.53

(1.08-1.47)

(1.18-2.04)

(0.77-1.24)

(0.91-2.59)

Obese

1.28

1.89

1.10

1.87

(1.01-1.63)

(1.28-2.77)

(0.77-1.56)

(0.93-3.74)


Physical activity, days/week3

0.57

0.90

0.60

1.14

< 2

(0.49-0.67)

(0.68-1.20)

(0.47-0.76)

(0.68-1.92)

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

2-4

1.01

1.10

1.10

1.16

5+

(0.84-1.21)

(0.79-1.53)

(0.86-1.41)

(0.64-2.11)


Self-rated health

Very Good/Good

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Fair

0.67

1.19

0.62

4

(0.57-0.79)

(0.91-1.56)

(0.49-0.79)

Very Poor/Poor

0.50

1.08

0.37

4

(0.37-0.67)

(0.69-1.69)

(0.23-0.60)


Psychosocial distress

No

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Yes

0.68

1.21

0.77

1.09

(0.56-0.82)

(0.89-1.64)

(0.61-0.97)

(0.66-1.81)


1 Adjusted for age and occupational class, when applicable. 2 Further adjusted for physical activity. 3 Further adjusted for body mass index. 4 Model not converging due to small numbers.

Engström et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:619   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-619

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