Table 2

Cross-sectional odds ratios (OR)1 of current daily tobacco use versus non-use in relation to socio-demographic factors the Stockholm Public Health Survey 2006.

Characteristic

Males

Females



Snus use

OR2 (95% CI)

Smoking

OR3 (95% CI)

Dual use

OR (95% CI)

Snus use

OR2 (95% CI)

Smoking

OR3 (95% CI)

Dual use

OR (95% CI)


Age, years

18-24

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

25-34

0.92

1.26

0.64

0.63

0.58

0.66

(0.74-1.14)

(0.90-1.76)

(0.41-1.01)

(0.43-0.92)

(0.47-0.71)

(0.27-1.63)

35-44

0.85

1.47

0.82

0.72

0.63

0.66

(0.69-1.06)

(1.06-2.02)

(0.54-1.25)

(0.50-1.04)

(0.51-0.77)

(0.27-1.60)

45-54

0.58

2.00

0.94

0.59

1.02

1.26

(0.46-0.72)

(1.46-2.74)

(0.62-1.42)

(0.40-0.86)

(0.84-1.24)

(0.55-2.91)

55-64

0.31

2.06

0.61

0.22

0.86

0.80

(0.25-0.39)

(1.51-2.81)

(0.40-0.94)

(0.15-0.35)

(0.71-1.05)

(0.34-1.92)

65-74

0.18

1.50

0.35

0.14

0.68

0.07

(0.14-0.24)

(1.07-2.11)

(0.21-0.60)

(0.08-0.25)

(0.55-0.86)

(0.01-0.57)

75+

0.07

0.67

0.02

0.02

0.33

4

(0.05-0.11)

(0.43-1.03)

(0.00-0.16)

(0.00-0.12)

(0.24-0.45)


Education

Low

1.49

2.36

2.45

1.07

3.23

3.51

(1.26-1.77)

(1.92-2.91)

(1.68-3.58)

(0.73-1.55)

(2.72-3.84)

(1.68-7.34)

Intermediate

1.60

1.66

1.97

1.49

2.12

2.03

(1.41-1.81)

(1.39-1.98)

(1.43-2.70)

(1.17-1.89)

(1.84-2.46)

(1.10-3.75)

High

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref


Disposable income

Very low

0.98

1.40

1.28

1.16

1.35

1.16

(0.82-1.16)

(1.14-1.72)

(0.88-1.86)

(0.82-1.64)

(1.12-1.62)

(0.51-2.62)

Low

1.25

1.15

1.20

1.28

1.14

0.84

(1.06-1.47)

(0.93-1.42)

(0.83-1.75)

(0.92-1.78)

(0.96-1.37)

(0.36-1.98)

Intermediate

1.25

0.77

0.99

1.29

0.99

0.69

(1.07-1.46)

(0.62-0.96)

(0.68-1.44)

(0.94-1.78)

(0.82-1.18)

(0.29-1.63)

High

1.24

0.97

1.07

1.17

0.95

1.99

(1.06-1.43)

(0.79-1.18)

(0.75-1.54)

(0.84-1.62)

(0.79-1.13)

(1.00-3.96)

Very high

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref


Occupational class

Unskilled worker

1.02

2.42

1.95

1.35

2.08

1.28

(0.85-1.23)

(1.90-3.10)

(1.25-3.04)

(0.92-1.96)

(1.66-2.60)

(0.51-3.22)

Skilled worker

1.40

2.04

2.94

1.30

2.28

1.56

(1.17-1.68)

(1.59-2.63)

(1.92-4.52)

(0.87-1.94)

(1.80-2.88)

(0.60-4.08)

Low-level clerk

1.14

1.28

1.10

1.00

1.67

1.19

(0.94-1.40)

(0.95-1.72)

(0.63-1.90)

(0.70-1.43)

(1.34-2.07)

(0.50-2.85)

Middle level clerk

1.06

1.12

1.18

1.27

1.41

1.15

(0.91-1.24)

(0.88-1.41)

(0.77-1.79)

(0.94-1.73)

(1.15-1.73)

(0.52-2.54)

High level clerk

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Self-employed

1.09

1.48

1.32

1.02

1.45

1.09

(0.90-1.31)

(1.15-1.92)

(0.82-2.13)

(0.63-1.63)

(1.11-1.91)

(0.35-3.41)


1 Adjusted for age, occupational class, disposable income and education, when applicable. 2 Further adjusted for past smoking. 3 Further adjusted for past snus use. 4 Model not converging due to small numbers.

Engström et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:619   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-619

Open Data