Opposite poles: A comparison between two Spanish regions in health-related quality of life, with implications for health policy
1 Departamento de Análisis Económico and Seminario de Investigación en Economía de la Salud, University of Castilla La Mancha, and CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Toledo, 45071, Spain
2 Seminario de Investigación en Economía de la Salud. University of Castilla La Mancha, Toledo, 45071, Spain
3 Quantitative Methods in Economics, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canarias. 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canarias. Spain
BMC Public Health 2010, 10:576 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-576Published: 26 September 2010
Although health is one of the main determinants of the welfare of societies, few studies have evaluated health related quality of life in representative samples of the population of a region or a country. Our aim is to describe the health-related quality of life of the inhabitants of two quite different Spanish regions (Canary Islands and Catalonia) and to compare the prevalence of health problems between age-sex groups.
We use data obtained from the 2006 Health Survey of Catalonia and the 2004 Canary Islands Health Survey. With an ordinal composite variable measuring HRQOL we identify the association of characteristics of individuals with self-reported quality of life and test for differences between the regions.
The prevalence of problems in the five EQ-5 D dimensions increases with age and is generally higher for women than for men. The dimension with the highest prevalence of problems is "anxiety/depression", and there is noteworthy the extent of discomfort and pain among Canary Island women. Education, especially among the elderly, has an important effect on health-related quality of life.
There are substantial structural and compositional differences between the two regions. Regional context is a significant factor, independent of the compositional differences, and the effects of context are manifest above all in women. The findings show the importance of disease prevention and the need for improving the educational level of the population in order to reduce health inequalities.