Table 4

Adjusted risk of posttraumatic stress disorder and mental health disorders among deployed male Marines by adverse childhood experiences

PTSDa

Mental Health Disorders not Specific to PTSDb


Adverse Childhood Experiences

Prevalence

per 100

HR (95% CI)

Prevalence

per 100

HR (95% CI)


History of ACEd in multiple categories

None

2.47

1.00

6.03

1.00

ACE in 1 category

2.86

1.21 (0.87, 1.69)

6.90

1.17 (0.94, 1.45)

ACE in 2 or more categories

3.81

1.57 (1.09, 2.26)

8.57

1.41 (1.10, 1.80)


Abbreviations: ACE = adverse childhood experiences; AFQT = Armed Forces Qualification Test; CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder.

aModels the risk of having a PTSD diagnosis after returning from first deployment in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and within 2 years of last deployment, after adjusting for AFQT score, number of deployments, mental health diagnosis prior to deployment, and marital status.

bModels the risk of a mental health diagnosis after returning from first deployment in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and within 2 years of last deployment, after adjusting for AFQT score, smoking status, race/ethnicity, and marital status.

LeardMann et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:437   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-437

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